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Harada, Kazuhiro; Masumoto, Kouhei; Kondo, Narihiko – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Although it has been proposed that 1 spouse's health behaviors might correlate with the other spouse's health behavior among married couples, few studies have focused on sedentary behavior. This study examined whether objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity are correlated with each other and whether attachment to…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Correlation, Foreign Countries
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Kubo, Keitaro; Yuki, Kazuhito; Ikebukuro, Toshihiro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2012
We investigated the effects of two types of nonweight-bearing exercise on changes in bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and pro-collagen type 1 C-peptide (P1P). BAP is a specific marker of bone synthesis, whereas P1P reflects synthesis of type 1 collagen in other organs as well as bone. Eight participants performed static and dynamic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Data Analysis, Exercise, Exercise Physiology
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Tanaka, Yoshifumi; Sekiya, Hiroshi – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
We investigated changes in movement kinematics and attentional focus when expert and novice golfers performed a golf-putting task under pressure. Six male professional golfers and five male novice golfers performed 100 acquisition trials, followed by 10 trials in the pressure condition with a performance-contingent cash reward and small audience.…
Descriptors: Rewards, Influences, Athletics, Expertise
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Thomas, Jerry R.; Alderson, Jacqueline A.; Thomas, Katherine T.; Campbell, Amity C.; Elliott, Bruce C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
In a review of 46 meta-analyses of gender differences, overhand throwing had the largest gender difference favoring boys (ES greater than 3.0). Expectations for gender-specific performances may be less pronounced in female Australian Aborigines, because historical accounts state they threw for defense and hunting. Overhand throwing velocities and…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Differences, Males, Indigenous Populations
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Tudor-Locke, Catrine; McClain, James J.; Hart, Teresa L.; Sisson, Susan B.; Washington, Tracy L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
This review assembles pedometry literature focused on youth, with particular attention to expected values for habitual, school day, physical education class, recess, lunch break, out-of-school, weekend, and vacation activity. From 31 studies published since 1999, we constructed a youth habitual activity step-curve that indicates: (a) from ages 6…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Females, Males
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Hamill, Joseph; Haymes, Emily M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2005
The purpose of this paper is to review the biomechanics and exercise physiology studies published in the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) over the past 75 years. Studies in biomechanics, a relatively new subdiscipline that evolved from kinesiology, first appeared in the journal about 40 years ago. Exercise physiology studies have…
Descriptors: Athletics, Literature Reviews, Biomechanics, Exercise Physiology
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Saito, Mitsuru – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The velocity, stroke rate, and distance per stroke of l68 male high school students in Japan were studied before and after they received training in the breaststroke. The increase in their swimming velocity resulted from an increase in the distance covered per stroke, not from a faster stroke rate. (Author/PP)
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, High School Students