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Showing 1 to 15 of 67 results Save | Export
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Gillen, Zachary M.; Shoemaker, Marni E.; McKay, Brianna D.; Cramer, Joel T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine magnitudes of differences for anthropometric and athletic performance scores between high school and elite college-level American football players. Method: Participants included high school-age (n = 3,666) athletes who participated in American football combines, as well as elite college-level (n…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Athletics, Team Sports
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García, Juan A.; Carcedo, Rodrigo J.; Castaño, Juan L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this work is focused on the study of the effect that feedback has on competence valuation, perceived competence, autonomous motivation, vitality, and performance in a throwing task. Method: Thirty-five college students (26 men and 9 women), without previous experience in the task, participated in this study. The students…
Descriptors: College Students, Barriers, Physical Activities, Feedback (Response)
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Bunn, Jennifer; Schuitema, Summer; Zhang, Sidong; Mayhew, Jerry – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Athletes, Scores
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Araújo, Jaqueline A.; Queiroz, Marilene G.; Dias, André R. L.; Sousa, Laila C. J. L.; Arsa, Gisela; Cambri, Lucieli T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate whether excess body mass influences the heart rate variability (HRV) indexes at rest, and to correlate adiposity indicators and the aerobic fitness with cardiac autonomic variables in metabolically healthy young adults. Method: In all, 41 untrained males (M[subscript age] = 21.80, SD = 2.14 years), 14 normal weight…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Health, Metabolism, Males
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Wright, Brian V.; Stager, Joel M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Adherence to prescribed training intensity (i.e., swim speed) has been conveyed as a key parameter regarding improvements in seasonal performance. Evidence has also suggested swimmers have difficulty complying with coach-prescribed training. How this compliance is affected by a coaching presence and oversight has yet to be examined. Purpose: The…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Athletic Coaches, Training, Observation
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Anderson, Lindsey J.; Baker, Lucinda L.; Schroeder, E. Todd – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Acute muscle damage after exercise triggers subsequent regeneration, leading to hypertrophy and increased strength after repeated exercise. It has been debated whether acute exercise-induced muscle damage is altered under various premenopausal estrogen conditions. Acute contraction-induced muscle damage was compared during exogenous (oral…
Descriptors: Human Body, Contraception, Exercise, Females
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Sidaway, Ben; Bouchard, Matthew; Chasse, Julie; Dunn, Jonathan; Govoni, Andrea; McPherson, Breanne; Roy, Katherine; Anderson, David I. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The requirement for postural stability during the performance of motor skills has been clearly demonstrated in infants, but the necessity for such a postural substrate is not well documented in adults. The present study investigated the role of postural stability during a ballistic ball-kicking task in adults by providing varying degrees…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Males, College Students, Late Adolescents
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Evenson, Kelly R.; Brown, David R.; Pearce, Emily; Camplain, Ricky; Jernigan, Jan; Epping, Jacqueline; Shepard, Dennis M.; Dorn, Joan M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: From 1996 to 2013, a 6-day Physical Activity and Public Health Course for Practitioners has been offered yearly in the United States. An evaluation was conducted to assess the impact of the course on building public health capacity for physical activity and on shaping the physical activity and public health careers of fellows since taking…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Intervention, Public Health, Online Surveys
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Zhang, Tao; Xiang, Ping; Gu, Xiangli; Rose, Melanie – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The 2 × 2 achievement goal model, including the mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goal orientations, has recently been used to explain motivational outcomes in physical activity. This study attempted to examine the relationships among 2 × 2 achievement goal orientations, physical…
Descriptors: College Students, Physical Activities, Path Analysis, Quality of Life
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Wright, Bradley James; O'Halloran, Paul Daniel; Stukas, Arthur Anthony – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: We assessed how 6 psychological performance enhancement techniques (PETs) differentially improved self-efficacy (SE) and skill performance. We also assessed whether vicarious experiences and verbal persuasion as posited sources of SE (Bandura, 1982) were supported and, further, if the effects of the 6 PETs remained after controlling for…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Performance, Comparative Analysis, Self Concept Measures
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Raabe, Johannes; Readdy, Tucker – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: Cheerleading is one of the fastest-growing sports in the United States. Members of spirit squads play an undeniable role in developing a university's athletic image, and participation in cheer has the potential to affect adolescents and young adults in a positive manner. Yet, cheerleaders also encounter stereotypes, constant…
Descriptors: College Athletics, College Students, Need Gratification, Motivation
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Loria, Tristan; de Grosbois, John; Tremblay, Luc – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: At rest, the central nervous system combines and integrates multisensory cues to yield an optimal percept. When engaging in action, the relative weighing of sensory modalities has been shown to be altered. Because the timing of peak velocity is the critical moment in some goal-directed movements (e.g., overarm throwing), the current study…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Cues, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Abdollahipour, Reza; Psotta, Rudolf; Land, William M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: Studies have suggested that the use of visual information may underlie the benefit associated with an external focus of attention. Recent studies exploring this connection have primarily relied on motor tasks that involve manipulation of an object (object projection). The present study examined whether vision influences the effect of…
Descriptors: Attention, Psychomotor Skills, Object Manipulation, Human Body
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Balagué, Natàlia; Hristovski, Robert; García, Sergi; Aguirre, Cecilia; Vázquez, Pablo; Razon, Selen; Tenenbaum, Gershon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the dynamics of perceived exertion shifts (PES) as a function of time and workload during constant-power cycling. Method: Fifty-two participants assigned to 4 groups performed a cycling task at 4 different constant workloads corresponding to their individual rates of perceived exertion (RPEs = 13, 15,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Exercise Physiology, Time, Effect Size
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Raab, Markus; MacMahon, Clare – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Previous discussions of the hot hand belief, wherein athletes believe that they have a greater chance of scoring after 2 or 3 hits (successes) compared with 2 or 3 misses, have focused on whether this is the case within game statistics. Researchers have argued that the perception of the hot hand in random sequences is a bias of the…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Decision Making, Athletes, Beliefs
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