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Mesagno, Christopher; Garvey, Jacob; Tibbert, Stephanie J.; Gröpel, Peter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
When athletes fail to perform at an expected level during an important moment, it is implied the athletes have experienced "choking" (sudden decline in performance) under pressure.". Researchers have reported that persistent left-hemispheric activation patterns occur when an athlete experiences considerable performance…
Descriptors: Handedness, Team Sports, Performance, Athletes
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Timmerman, Ewout A.; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Farrow, Damian – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of eight different small-sided games (SSG) on physical, technical, and decision-making demands of training environments in U14 field hockey. Methods: A total of 13 participants played eight different training games consisting of two 7.5-minute halves, where number of players (three…
Descriptors: Athletes, Team Sports, Performance, Talent Development
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Julio, Ursula F.; Panissa, Valéria L. G.; Cury, Rubiana L.; Agostinho, Marcus F.; Esteves, João V. D. C.; Franchini, Emerson – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study compared the energy system contributions and relationship between mechanical and energy system variables in upper and lower body Wingate tests (WAnT) in judo athletes. Method: Eleven male judo athletes (18 ± 1 years, 174.3 ± 5.3 cm, 72.6 ± 9.9 kg, 11.8 ± 1.7% body fat) attended two laboratory sessions to perform two WAnT (upper…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Athletes, Tests, Correlation
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Gillen, Zachary M.; Shoemaker, Marni E.; McKay, Brianna D.; Cramer, Joel T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine magnitudes of differences for anthropometric and athletic performance scores between high school and elite college-level American football players. Method: Participants included high school-age (n = 3,666) athletes who participated in American football combines, as well as elite college-level (n…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Athletics, Team Sports
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Petridis, Leonidas; Utczás, Katinka; Tróznai, Zsófia; Kalabiska, Irina; Pálinkás, Gergely; Szabó, Tamás – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Vertical jump is a common test to measure impulsive ability in soccer; however, limited normative data have been published on young soccer players from vertical jump measurements on a force platform. The purpose of this study was to provide normative values for three chronological age groups of male junior soccer players (U16, U17 and,…
Descriptors: Athletes, Team Sports, Physical Activities, Foreign Countries
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Bunn, Jennifer; Schuitema, Summer; Zhang, Sidong; Mayhew, Jerry – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Athletes, Scores
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Griffiths, Brad; Grant, James; Langdown, Louis; Gentil, Paulo; Fisher, James; Steele, James – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Exercise, Muscular Strength
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Keatlholetswe, Lesika; Malete, Leapetswe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
The coaching competency research has demonstrated the role of coaching efficacy and coaching behaviors on various athlete outcomes. However, athlete perceptions of these relationships and how they affect performance are less understood. Purpose: This study examined if coaching efficacy is predictive of player perceptions of coaches' leadership…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Coaching (Performance), Athletes, Team Sports
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Gomes, A. Rui; Gonçalves, A. Manuela; Dias, Olga; Morais, Catarina – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. Method:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Athletics, Team Sports, Competition
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Campo, Mickaël; Champely, Stéphane; Louvet, Benoît; Rosnet, Elisabeth; Ferrand, Claude; Pauketat, Janet V. T.; Mackie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: In team sports, players have to manage personal interests and group goals, emphasizing intricacies between personal and social identities. The focus of this article was to examine the effect of identity mechanisms on appraisal processes, based on the following research question: Does the level of self-abstraction (low [personal identity]…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Group Dynamics, Self Concept
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Raimundo, João A. G.; Turnes, Tiago; de Aguiar, Rafael A.; Lisbôa, Felipe D.; Loch, Thiago; Ribeiro, Guilherme; Caputo, Fabrizio – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Metabolic perturbation and VO[subscript 2] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise seems to be exercise mode dependent, affecting tolerance in the severe domain. However, the effects of exercise mode on severe domain…
Descriptors: Exercise, Comparative Analysis, Physical Activities, Testing
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Rymal, Amanda M.; Ste-Marie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This research investigated whether Zimmerman's model of self-regulated learning could be transferred into a competitive setting. We also investigated whether a feedforward self-modeling video could influence one's use of self-regulation and as such be an effective self-regulatory intervention. Methods: Nine competitive gymnasts took part…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Competition, Video Technology, Athletes
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Ammar, Achraf; Riemann, Bryan L.; Trabelsi, Khaled; Blaumann, Marcel; Abdelkarim, Osama; Chtourou, Hamdi; Driss, Tarak; Hökelmann, Anita – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 3- vs. 2-minute inter maximal-repetition rest period (IMRRP) on maintaining jerk technical efficiency and power production during two successive maximal repetitions of Clean & Jerk (C&J). Methods: In a randomized, within subject, repeated measures design, nine elite-weightlifters…
Descriptors: Repetition, Athletics, Kinetics, Human Body
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Machado, João Cláudio; Barreira, Daniel; Teoldo, Israel; Travassos, Bruno; Júnior, João Bosco; Santos, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos; Scaglia, Alcides José – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate if player tactical skill level and age category influence team performance and player exploratory behavior in tasks with different difficulty levels. Method: In total, 48 youth male soccer players participated in the study (U15, n = 24, mean age = 13.06 [plus or minus] 1.53 years; U17, n = 24, mean age =…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Difficulty Level, Efficiency, Athletes
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Dokumaci, Bircan; Hazir, Tahir – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study investigated the effects of the menstrual cycle on running economy (RE). Method: Eleven eumenorrheic female athletes (mean age: 21.18 [plus or minus] 3.65 years, height: 170.2 [plus or minus] 6.6 cm, VO[subscript 2]max: 49.25 [plus or minus] 9.15 mL[middle dot]kg[superscript -1][middle dot]min[superscript -1], and menstrual…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Metabolism, Physiology, Females
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