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Zhang, Tao; Xiang, Ping; Gu, Xiangli; Rose, Melanie – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The 2 × 2 achievement goal model, including the mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goal orientations, has recently been used to explain motivational outcomes in physical activity. This study attempted to examine the relationships among 2 × 2 achievement goal orientations, physical…
Descriptors: College Students, Physical Activities, Path Analysis, Quality of Life
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Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lochbaum, Marc; Guan, Jianmin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Purpose: The relationships among students' self-efficacy, 2 × 2 achievement goals (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], and performance-avoidance goals), and achievement performance remain largely unanswered. We tested a model of the mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between 2 × 2…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Self Efficacy, Metabolism, Exercise Physiology
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Xiang, Ping; Gao, Zan; McBride, Ron E. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Guided by self-determination theory and research on teacher beliefs, we examined student teachers' (STs) use of instructional choices in teaching physical education classes. Participants included 131 STs (52 men and 79 women) from a major university in the United States. STs completed questionnaires assessing three types of instructional choices…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Physical Education, Student Role, Student Motivation
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Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia M.; Harrison, Louis, Jr. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
This study was an initial attempt to investigate the relationships among self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, behavioral intention, and actual behavior over time in a beginning weight training class. A total of 109 participants completed questionnaires assessing their self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and intentions for future weight training.…
Descriptors: Athletics, Physical Education, Introductory Courses, Self Efficacy
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Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Physical Activities, Physical Education, Student Attitudes
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Xiang, Ping; Solmon, Melinda A.; McBride, Ron E. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
Using Nicholl's (1989) and Dweck's (1999, 2002) theories on ability as conceptual frameworks, this study explored teachers' and students' conceptions of ability in elementary physical education. Participants were 8 physical education specialists from five public schools and 160 students from their second- and fourth-grade classes. Teacher and…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Academic Ability, Elementary Education, Physical Education Teachers
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Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron; Guan, Jianmin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
The present study examined relationships among variables drawn from achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice as well as mean level changes of these variables over time in elementary physical education. Participants (N = 207) completed questionnaires over a 2-year period: once while in the second and fourth…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Questionnaires, Elementary School Students, Physical Education
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Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2002
Examined relationships between achievement goals, perceived motivational climate, and elementary and secondary students' self- reported mastery behaviors, noting age-related differences. Student surveys indicated that achievement goals and perceived motivational climate related to mastery behaviors, and those relations varied by age. Older…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education