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Waaijer, Cathelijn J. F. – Research Evaluation, 2018
Human capital is indispensable for regional innovation and economic growth, and PhD graduates (PhDs) play an important role in these processes. This is the first study describing the geographic origin and current work location of PhDs from Dutch universities, which are located in a densely populated area with a high concentration of basic science…
Descriptors: Doctoral Programs, Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Geographic Regions
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Hilário, Carla Mara; Martínez-Ávila, Daniel; Grácio, Maria Cláudia Cabrini; Wolfram, Dietmar – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article aims to contribute to the discussion on authorship in contemporary science from Foucauldian and Kuhnian perspectives, highlighting the social aspects of science and the role of authorship in scientific revolutions. Thus, it describes the functions of the 'author' discussed by Foucault that can assist to reveal the characteristics of…
Descriptors: Authors, Sciences, Science and Society, Theories
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Williams, Kate; Grant, Jonathan – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article offers a systematic review of the evolution of research impact assessment in Australia and the UK. We consider its inception and detail the development of relevant policy and procedures in each country. The article sets out the results of a comparative analysis of public policy documents, newspaper commentary, and academic literature…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Research Utilization, Outcome Measures
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Hellström, Tomas; Jabrane, Leila; Brattström, Erik – Research Evaluation, 2018
This study investigates the relationship between resource concentration/stability and new results/breakthroughs in the context of a Swedish Center of Excellence (CoE) scheme. A common assumption in using the CoE instrument is that there is a scale return to research on concentration of funds. However, the details of how funding connects to such…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Financial Support, Research, Qualitative Research
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Hansson, Stina; Polk, Merritt – Research Evaluation, 2018
There is a call for more transdisciplinary (TD) research, from academia, society, and funding agencies. Consequently, the field of TD research is searching for ways of proving the value and providing evidence to support the effectiveness of such research. The main challenge for evaluating TD research is attribution, that is how to link societal…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Research, Outcome Measures, Research Utilization
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Temple, Ludovic; Barret, Danielle; Blundo Canto, Genowefa; Dabat, Marie-Hélène; Devaux-Spatarakis, Agathe; Faure, Guy; Hainzelin, Etienne; Mathé, Syndhia; Toillier, Aurelie; Triomphe, Bernard – Research Evaluation, 2018
Over the past decade, renewed societal demands on public research have been structured by various generic issues, while others are specific to the context of developing countries. In the first part of this article, after reviewing those issues, we examine how they reshape the analytical frameworks that structure the understanding of causal…
Descriptors: Agriculture, Research, Research Utilization, Outcome Measures
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Thorpe, Andy; Craig, Russell; Hadikin, Glenn; Batistic, Sasa – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article applies "DICTION" computer-assisted text analysis software to evaluate the tone of research 'Environment' submissions by Business and Management Studies schools in the UK's 2014 Research Evaluation Framework. We find that submissions contain distinctive differences in semantic tone between high-ranked and low-ranked…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Semantics, Business Schools, Differences
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Petsakos, Athanasios; Hareau, Guy; Kleinwechter, Ulrich; Wiebe, Keith; Sulser, Timothy B. – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article examines how the estimated impacts of crop technologies vary with alternate methods and assumptions, and also discusses the implications of these differences for the design of studies to inform research prioritization. Drawing on international potato research, we show how foresight scenarios, realized by a multi-period global…
Descriptors: Agriculture, Research, Comparative Analysis, Models
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Chavarro, Diego; Ràfols, Ismael; Tang, Puay – Research Evaluation, 2018
The assessment of research based on the journal in which it is published is a widely adopted practice. Some research assessments use the Web of Science (WoS) to identify 'high quality' journals, which are assumed to publish excellent research. The authority of WoS on journal quality stems from its selection of journals based on editorial standards…
Descriptors: Periodicals, Bibliographic Databases, Foreign Countries, Probability
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Snowball, Jen D.; Shackleton, Charlie M. – Research Evaluation, 2018
Research is increasingly regarded a core facet of university endeavours globally, and research profiles of universities, institutes, and colleges are commonly used as one measure for ranking them. University administrations and funders would be better able to stimulate research if they had insights into context-specific, institutional constraints,…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Online Surveys, Foreign Countries, Reputation
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Hansen, Thomas Trøst; Budtz Pedersen, David – Research Evaluation, 2018
Demands on publicly funded scientific research to yield academic and societal impact have been commonplace for some time. Research communities, university administrators, and policy-makers are looking to impact assessments and impact tool kits to better communicate the value of scholarly work, increase collaboration with nonacademic partners, and…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Cooperation, Guidelines, Science and Society
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Walsh, Rachael; Moore, Robert F.; Doyle, Jamie Mihoko – Research Evaluation, 2018
To assist new scientists in the transition to independent research careers, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) implemented an Early Stage Investigator (ESI) policy beginning with applications submitted in 2009. During the review process, the ESI designation segregates applications submitted by investigators who are within 10 years of…
Descriptors: Researchers, Public Policy, Financial Support, Scientists
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de la Torre, Eva M.; Casani, Fernando; Sagarra, Marti – Research Evaluation, 2018
Universities are organizational structures with individual activity mixes or strategies that lead to different performance levels by mission. Evaluation techniques based on performance indicators or rankings risk rewarding just a specific type of university and undermining university diversification: they usually introduce homogenizing pressures…
Descriptors: Classification, Universities, Institutional Characteristics, Institutional Mission
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Wildgaard, Lorna; Wildgaard, Kim – Research Evaluation, 2018
There is an increased focus on the outcomes of Health Science PhD-education, particularly if PhD-graduates remain active in research. There is a gap in our knowledge about the extent the investment in Health Science PhDs is moving science forward and no definition of expected investment return from PhD exists. We explore the research production of…
Descriptors: Health Sciences, Graduate Students, Doctoral Programs, Foreign Countries
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Reale, Emanuela; Avramov, Dragana; Canhial, Kubra; Donovan, Claire; Flecha, Ramon; Holm, Poul; Larkin, Charles; Lepori, Benedetto; Mosoni-Fried, Judith; Oliver, Esther; Primeri, Emilia; Puigvert, Lidia; Scharnhorst, Andrea; Schubert, Andràs; Soler, Marta; Soòs, Sàndor; Sordé, Teresa; Travis, Charles; Van Horik, René – Research Evaluation, 2018
Recently, the need to contribute to the evaluation of the scientific, social, and political impact of Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) research has become a demand of policy makers and society. The international scientific community has made significant advances that have transformed the impact of evaluation landscape. This article reviews the…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Social Influences, Political Influences, Social Sciences
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