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Barré, Rémi – Research Evaluation, 2019
Science and Technology (S&T) indicators are contingent knowledge demanding critique and contextualization for validity: they are value-laden devices. Hence their potential for generating biased knowledge, exhibiting the attributes of devices enabling the social construction of bias and ignorance. But indicators are also prone to criticism and…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Criticism, Validity, Public Policy
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Ràfols, Ismael – Research Evaluation, 2019
The use of indicators in research policy and evaluation is widely perceived as problematic. Responding to demands for explicit normative framings in STI governance, I propose an agenda for transforming the place and role of indicators in policy. Given that expert advice should not separate knowledge formation from decision-making under conditions…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Scientific Research, Innovation, Decision Making
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Degn, Lise; Mejlgaard, Niels; Schneider, Jesper Wiborg – Research Evaluation, 2019
The aim of this article is to present an alternative method for science mapping, which remedies some of the classic limitations to e.g. using co-citation analysis as a mapping tool. With the emergence of new, more complex and interdisciplinary areas of research it becomes important to adjust our understandings of how to study these areas, and the…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Maps, Bibliometrics, Scientific Research
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Bautista-Puig, Núria; García-Zorita, Carlos; Mauleón, Elba – Research Evaluation, 2019
European Research Council Grants (ERC) have become the most important vehicle for funding scientific research in the EU. Since their creation in 2007, they have provided funding for around 7,000 of the nearly 70,000 proposals for research projects submitted. With a success rate of about 11%, these Grants are highly competitive. Despite major…
Descriptors: Grants, Scientific Research, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries
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Hiruy, Kiros; Murphy, Ray; Lewis, Tom; White, William T.; Purcell, Steven W. – Research Evaluation, 2019
Research-for-development (R4D), as a mode of foreign aid, is a practical way to support developing countries. However, few studies have assessed the scientific impacts of R4D projects. Here, we applied an integrated assessment approach to evaluate the scientific impact of research projects commissioned by the Australian Centre for International…
Descriptors: Animal Husbandry, Agriculture, Developing Nations, Research Projects
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Hansen, Thomas Trøst; Budtz Pedersen, David – Research Evaluation, 2018
Demands on publicly funded scientific research to yield academic and societal impact have been commonplace for some time. Research communities, university administrators, and policy-makers are looking to impact assessments and impact tool kits to better communicate the value of scholarly work, increase collaboration with nonacademic partners, and…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Cooperation, Guidelines, Science and Society
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Walsh, Rachael; Moore, Robert F.; Doyle, Jamie Mihoko – Research Evaluation, 2018
To assist new scientists in the transition to independent research careers, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) implemented an Early Stage Investigator (ESI) policy beginning with applications submitted in 2009. During the review process, the ESI designation segregates applications submitted by investigators who are within 10 years of…
Descriptors: Researchers, Public Policy, Financial Support, Scientists
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Petersen, Jessica – Research Evaluation, 2017
Journal editors play a crucial role in the scientific publication system, as they make the final decision on acceptance or rejection of manuscripts. Some critics, however, suspect that the more innovative a manuscript is, the less likely it will be accepted for publication. Especially top-tier journals are accused of rejecting innovative research.…
Descriptors: Periodicals, Editing, Intellectual Disciplines, Online Surveys
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Müller, Ruth; de Rijcke, Sarah – Research Evaluation, 2017
While quantitative performance indicators are widely used by organizations and individuals for evaluative purposes, little is known about their impacts on the epistemic processes of academic knowledge production. In this article we bring together three qualitative research projects undertaken in the Netherlands and Austria to contribute to filling…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Epistemology, Qualitative Research, Foreign Countries
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Baccini, Alberto; De Nicolao, Giuseppe – Research Evaluation, 2017
This letter documents some problems in Ancaiani et al. (2015). Namely the evaluation of concordance, based on Cohen's kappa, reported by Ancaiani et al. was not computed on the whole random sample of 9,199 articles, but on a subset of 7,597 articles. The kappas relative to the whole random sample were in the range 0.07-0.15, indicating an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Evaluation, Statistical Analysis
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Bruno, Karl; Larsen, Katarina; van Leeuwen, Thed N. – Research Evaluation, 2017
This article examines dynamics of knowledge production and discourses of basic-applied science and relevance at the Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry, a semi-public industrially oriented research institute, from 1980 to 2005. We employ a three-pronged method, consisting of (1) an analysis of how the institute articulated its research…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Chemistry, Research and Development Centers
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Ahmed, Mohamed O.; Daw, Mohamed A.; van Velkinburgh, Jennifer C. – Research Evaluation, 2017
Understanding the publication output of a country's biomedical research can provide information for strengthening its policies, economy, and educational systems. Yet, this is the first bibliometric study to date to analyze and provide an in-depth discussion of the biomedical research productivity from Libyan academic institutions. The biomedical…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Periodicals, Biomedicine, Foreign Countries