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Barré, Rémi – Research Evaluation, 2019
Science and Technology (S&T) indicators are contingent knowledge demanding critique and contextualization for validity: they are value-laden devices. Hence their potential for generating biased knowledge, exhibiting the attributes of devices enabling the social construction of bias and ignorance. But indicators are also prone to criticism and…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Criticism, Validity, Public Policy
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Riley, Barbara L.; Kernoghan, Alison; Stockton, Lisa; Montague, Steve; Yessis, Jennifer; Willis, Cameron D. – Research Evaluation, 2018
Assessing societal impacts of research is more difficult than assessing advances in knowledge. Methods to evaluate research impact on policy processes and outcomes are especially underdeveloped, and are needed to optimize the influence of research on policy for addressing complex issues such as chronic diseases. Contribution analysis (CA), a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evaluation Methods, Public Health, Research and Development Centers
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Williams, Kate; Grant, Jonathan – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article offers a systematic review of the evolution of research impact assessment in Australia and the UK. We consider its inception and detail the development of relevant policy and procedures in each country. The article sets out the results of a comparative analysis of public policy documents, newspaper commentary, and academic literature…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Research Utilization, Outcome Measures
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Walsh, Rachael; Moore, Robert F.; Doyle, Jamie Mihoko – Research Evaluation, 2018
To assist new scientists in the transition to independent research careers, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) implemented an Early Stage Investigator (ESI) policy beginning with applications submitted in 2009. During the review process, the ESI designation segregates applications submitted by investigators who are within 10 years of…
Descriptors: Researchers, Public Policy, Financial Support, Scientists
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Gibson, Andrew G.; Hazelkorn, Ellen – Research Evaluation, 2017
This article looks at the effects of a national policy of research prioritization in the years following Ireland's economic crisis. A national research prioritization exercise initiated by policymakers redefined the purpose of higher education research, and designed policies in line with this approach. Placing research for enterprise to the fore,…
Descriptors: Liberal Arts, Humanities, Semi Structured Interviews, Foreign Countries