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Veletanlic, Emina; Sá, Creso – Research Evaluation, 2019
Canada's research policy over the past three decades has steered national science toward industrial innovation. Yet, the outcomes of this policy orientation are debatable. Macro-level indicators continue to show weak performance in firm innovation, and there is also evidence that this policy stance has had material effects on science at the meso…
Descriptors: School Business Relationship, Partnerships in Education, College Science, Science Instruction
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Barré, Rémi – Research Evaluation, 2019
Science and Technology (S&T) indicators are contingent knowledge demanding critique and contextualization for validity: they are value-laden devices. Hence their potential for generating biased knowledge, exhibiting the attributes of devices enabling the social construction of bias and ignorance. But indicators are also prone to criticism and…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Criticism, Validity, Public Policy
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Ràfols, Ismael – Research Evaluation, 2019
The use of indicators in research policy and evaluation is widely perceived as problematic. Responding to demands for explicit normative framings in STI governance, I propose an agenda for transforming the place and role of indicators in policy. Given that expert advice should not separate knowledge formation from decision-making under conditions…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Scientific Research, Innovation, Decision Making
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Testa, Giuseppina; Szkuta, Katarzyna; Cunningham, Paul N. – Research Evaluation, 2019
Responding to the lack of in-depth research into the effects of R&D grants for scale-ups, this article examines how they impact upon firms' employment, firm economic and innovative performance, and firm innovative activities. Drawing on both policy evaluations and empirical literature relating to R&D programmes and firms' outputs, it…
Descriptors: Research and Development, Grants, Productivity, Innovation
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Riley, Barbara L.; Kernoghan, Alison; Stockton, Lisa; Montague, Steve; Yessis, Jennifer; Willis, Cameron D. – Research Evaluation, 2018
Assessing societal impacts of research is more difficult than assessing advances in knowledge. Methods to evaluate research impact on policy processes and outcomes are especially underdeveloped, and are needed to optimize the influence of research on policy for addressing complex issues such as chronic diseases. Contribution analysis (CA), a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evaluation Methods, Public Health, Research and Development Centers
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Sörlin, Sverker – Research Evaluation, 2018
This article draws on the efforts to enhance and incentivize the humanities in the Nordic countries in the last quarter century, with a main focus on Sweden. During this period, bibliometric methodologies and a series of 'crisis debates' have formed an image of Nordic humanities as provincial, parochial, and not performing on a par with relatively…
Descriptors: Humanities, Foreign Countries, Research, Change
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Baccini, Alberto; De Nicolao, Giuseppe – Research Evaluation, 2017
This letter documents some problems in Ancaiani et al. (2015). Namely the evaluation of concordance, based on Cohen's kappa, reported by Ancaiani et al. was not computed on the whole random sample of 9,199 articles, but on a subset of 7,597 articles. The kappas relative to the whole random sample were in the range 0.07-0.15, indicating an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Evaluation, Statistical Analysis