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Horta, Hugo; Cattaneo, Mattia; Meoli, Michele – Research Evaluation, 2019
The time for completing a Ph.D. continues to be longer than desirable in most higher education systems worldwide. This is a concern for research funding agencies, universities, academics, and doctoral students facing increasingly constrained labour markets, particularly in academia. This study assesses the role of Ph.D. funding on the time to…
Descriptors: Doctoral Programs, Financial Support, Time to Degree, Graduate Students
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McLean, Robert K. D.; Sen, Kunal – Research Evaluation, 2019
High-quality, use-oriented, and well-communicated research can improve social outcomes in low- and middle-income countries and, by doing so, accelerate development progress. We provide a meta-analysis of research supported by Canada's International Development Research Centre. We use a large and unique data set that comprises 170 research studies…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Meta Analysis, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences
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Veletanlic, Emina; Sá, Creso – Research Evaluation, 2019
Canada's research policy over the past three decades has steered national science toward industrial innovation. Yet, the outcomes of this policy orientation are debatable. Macro-level indicators continue to show weak performance in firm innovation, and there is also evidence that this policy stance has had material effects on science at the meso…
Descriptors: School Business Relationship, Partnerships in Education, College Science, Science Instruction
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Barré, Rémi – Research Evaluation, 2019
Science and Technology (S&T) indicators are contingent knowledge demanding critique and contextualization for validity: they are value-laden devices. Hence their potential for generating biased knowledge, exhibiting the attributes of devices enabling the social construction of bias and ignorance. But indicators are also prone to criticism and…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Criticism, Validity, Public Policy
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de Oliveira, Talita Moreira; Amaral, Livio; Pacheco, Roberto Carlos dos Santos – Research Evaluation, 2019
There is a growing interest in multi/inter/transdisciplinary (MIT-D) work, which requires increasing levels of knowledge and co-production interaction. Many studies have addressed this theme with different approaches such as the nature of transversal scientific subjects, the concept of knowledge integration, and the dynamics of research groups to…
Descriptors: Models, Evaluation, Graduate Study, Foreign Countries
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Roelofs, Susan; Edwards, Nancy; Viehbeck, Sarah; Anderson, Cody – Research Evaluation, 2019
Evaluation of interdisciplinary, team science research initiatives is an evolving and challenging field. This descriptive, longitudinal, mixed methods case study examined how an embedded, formative evaluation approach contributed to team science in the interdisciplinary Research into Policy to Enhance Physical Activity (REPOPA) project, which…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Interdisciplinary Approach, Physical Activities, Educational Policy
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Saetnan, Ann Rudinow; Tøndel, Gunhild; Rasmussen, Bente – Research Evaluation, 2019
This qualitative case study of emergent practices in a multi-paradigmatic field at one department in Norway explores how performance metrics in science intra-act with staff composition and resource allocation, potentially affecting paradigm trends. Inspired by agential realism, we discuss four key metrics as the material core of an assemblage…
Descriptors: Computation, Models, Number Concepts, Foreign Countries
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Krog Lind, Jonas – Research Evaluation, 2019
The impact of Performance-based Research Funding System (PRFS) has received increasing attention in recent years. However, the literature has focused on individual-level or country-level effects, mostly ignoring the 'missing link' between PRFSs and their effects: university managers. Drawing upon the sociology of numbers and theories of…
Descriptors: College Administration, Instructional Effectiveness, Performance Based Assessment, Foreign Countries
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Milzow, Katrin; Reinhardt, Anke; Söderberg, Sten; Zinöcker, Klaus – Research Evaluation, 2019
Many research funding and research performing organizations evaluate their operations or are subject to evaluations. A Working Group within Science Europe undertook to illustrate how "ex post" evaluation of research is actually used. Based on 11 case studies from seven organizations and countries, we explore the use of evaluation studies…
Descriptors: Evaluation Research, Research Utilization, Usability, Context Effect
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Ràfols, Ismael – Research Evaluation, 2019
The use of indicators in research policy and evaluation is widely perceived as problematic. Responding to demands for explicit normative framings in STI governance, I propose an agenda for transforming the place and role of indicators in policy. Given that expert advice should not separate knowledge formation from decision-making under conditions…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Scientific Research, Innovation, Decision Making
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Glennie, Miriam; O'Donnell, Michael; Brown, Michelle; Benson, John – Research Evaluation, 2019
Evaluators play a central role in assessments of researchers' performance for reward, but the nature of their role and influence is not well understood. Ongoing reliance on evaluator judgement is typically justified as a need for referees in contests for reward, because quantitative performance measures alone can be subject to distortion. Yet, if…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Role, Evaluators, Focus Groups
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Gibson, Chris; Stutchbury, Tamantha; Ikutegbe, Victoria; Michielin, Nicole – Research Evaluation, 2019
Challenge-led interdisciplinary research is a relatively new way of bringing together disciplinary expertise in response to complex societal and environmental problems. Common difficulties include how to define 'interdisciplinary research'; how to improve the participation and flourishing of early-career researchers; and how to manage projects…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Research, Cooperation, Researchers
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Kulczycki, Emanuel – Research Evaluation, 2019
This study investigates what names of metrics or databases researchers use to present their research portfolio and how their use is influenced by the field. I have analysed the data comprising 3,695 self-presentation documents (82,710 pages) from various academic promotion procedures in Poland. My study aims to determine the differences in the use…
Descriptors: Portfolio Assessment, Foreign Countries, Educational Research, Databases
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Blundo-Canto, Genowefa; Triomphe, Bernard; Faure, Guy; Barret, Danielle; de Romemont, Aurelle; Hainzelin, Etienne – Research Evaluation, 2019
Most agricultural research organizations strive to address societal challenges and contribute to positive societal impacts. Fulfilling this ambition involves embedding a culture of impact in organizational culture, which, in our view, entails three main elements: understanding the role of the research community in contributing to impacts over the…
Descriptors: Agriculture, Research Projects, Capacity Building, Research Design
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Boshoff, Nelius; Sefatsa, Mpho – Research Evaluation, 2019
This study applied the 'productive interactions' approach of research impact assessment to the case of maritime piracy research in South Africa. The focus was on the stakeholder interactions associated with the doctoral work and related activities of an individual researcher. A set of documents--provided by the researcher as evidence of potential…
Descriptors: Research, Interaction, Foreign Countries, Crime
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