ERIC Number: EJ1062090
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Employment among Working-Age Adults with Multiple Sclerosis: A Data-Mining Approach to Identifying Employment Interventions
Bishop, Malachy; Chan, Fong; Rumrill, Phillip D., Jr.; Frain, Michael P.; Tansey, Timothy N.; Chiu, Chung-Yi; Strauser, David; Umeasiegbu, Veronica I.
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education, v29 n2 p135-152 2015
Purpose: To examine demographic, functional, and clinical multiple sclerosis (MS) variables affecting employment status in a national sample of adults with MS in the United States. Method: The sample included 4,142 working-age (20-65 years) Americans with MS (79.1% female) who participated in a national survey. The mean age of participants was 51.93 years (SD = 8.7). The dependent variable was employment status. The predictor variables included a set of demographic, functional, and MS variables. Results: The chi-squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID) analysis indicated that participants who were receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) had significantly lower rates of employment (8.6%) than those who were not receiving SSDI (53.9%). For those not receiving SSDI, the most important factor predicting employment status was MS impact on physical functioning, as measured with the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale Physical Impact scale. Conclusion: The data-mining approach (i.e., CHAID analysis) provided detailed information and insight about interactions among demographic, functional, and clinical variables and employment status through the segmentation of the sample into mutually exclusive homogeneous subgroups. Implications for rehabilitation intervention, based on these subgroupings, are discussed.
Descriptors: Employment Level, Diseases, Chronic Illness, Neurological Impairments, Adults, Data Collection, Intervention, Accessibility (for Disabled), Predictor Variables, National Surveys, Individual Characteristics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Interaction, Social Services, Comparative Analysis, Physical Disabilities, Data Analysis, Information Retrieval
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Social Security Disability Insurance