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Carrell, Patricia L. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 1983
Two unresolved issues in first language and second language research on the role of background knowledge in comprehension are discussed: (1) the theoretical distinction between "content" and "formal" schemata and their interrelationship in texts and (2) the relationship of effects measured in cross-cultural research to background knowledge that…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, English (Second Language), Language Acquisition, Language Research
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Bennsoussan, Marsha; And Others – Reading in a Foreign Language, 1984
Reports the results of three studies that were designed to discover whether the use or non-use of dictionaries had an effect on students' performance on English as a foreign language reading tests. Results indicate that the use of dictionaries had no significant effect on students' test scores. (SED)
Descriptors: Dictionaries, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Reading Tests