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Yoshida, Mami – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2012
This study was an investigation of how particular processing tasks influence L2 reading in relation to text type effects and L2 reading proficiency. Two groups of Japanese university EFL students (N = 103), varying in English reading proficiency, read a narrative passage and an expository passage in one of three task conditions: outlining,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Content Analysis, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency
Racine, John P. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2011
In their paper, Meara and Olmos Alcoy (2010) attempted to find a means of estimating productive second language (L2) vocabulary size based on the premise that many known lexical items simply do not appear in learner-produced texts. To do so, they borrowed an ecological model, in which a capture-recapture formula, the Petersen estimate, is used to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary, Experiments, Models
Brown, Dale – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
The calculation of text coverage, that is the proportion of a text covered by a vocabulary of a given size, has become a standardized procedure in recent years. Such calculations provide important information for research and pedagogy about issues such as the goals of vocabulary learning and the ease or difficulty of particular texts. Chujo and…
Descriptors: Nouns, Research Methodology, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning
Matsuoka, Warren; Hirsh, David – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study investigates the vocabulary learning opportunities in an ELT course book designed for upper-intermediate learners. All the words appearing in the 12 chapters of the text were analyzed. The results suggest that the text would provide opportunities to deepen knowledge of the second 1,000 most frequent words in English, and would provide a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Reading Programs, Vocabulary Development
Gauvin, Hanna S.; Hulstijn, Jan H. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Is it possible to tell whether bilinguals are able to read simple text in their two languages equally fluently? Is it thus possible to distinguish balanced bilinguals from unbalanced bilinguals with respect to reading fluency in their first language (L1) and second language (L2)? In this study, we avoided making direct comparisons between L1 and…
Descriptors: Sentences, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction
Cobb, Tom – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Making Nation's text analysis software accessible via the World Wide Web has opened up an exploration of how his learning principles can best be realized in practice. This paper discusses 3 representative episodes in the ongoing exploration. The first concerns an examination of the assumptions behind modeling what texts look like to learners with…
Descriptors: Nouns, Word Lists, Computer Software, Internet
Webb, Stuart – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study examined the extent to which glossaries may affect the percentage of known words (coverage) in television programs. The transcripts of 51 episodes of 2 television programs ("House" and "Grey's Anatomy") were analyzed using Range (Heatley, Nation, & Coxhead, 2002) to create glossaries consisting of the low-frequency (less frequent than…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Glossaries, Second Language Learning, Television
Laufer, Batia; Ravenhorst-Kalovski, Geke C. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
We explore the relationship between second language (L2) learners' vocabulary size, lexical text coverage that their vocabulary provides and their reading comprehension. We also conceptualize "adequate reading comprehension" and look for the lexical threshold for such reading in terms of coverage and vocabulary size. Vocabulary size was…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Nouns, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning
Macalister, John – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Fluent reading is essential for successful comprehension. One dimension of reading fluency is reading rate, or reading speed. Because of the importance of reading fluency, fluency development activities should be incorporated into classroom practice. One activity that meets the fluency development conditions proposed by Nation (2007) is speed…
Descriptors: Speed Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction
Horst, Marlise – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Opportunities for incidental vocabulary acquisition were explored in a 121,000-word corpus of teacher talk addressed to advanced adult learners of English as a second language (ESL) in a communicatively-oriented conversation class. In contrast to previous studies that relied on short excerpts, the corpus contained all of the teacher speech the…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Adult Students, Vocabulary Development, Incidental Learning
Meara, Paul M.; Alcoy, Juan Carlos Olmos – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This paper addresses the issue of how we might be able to assess productive vocabulary size in second language learners. It discusses some previous attempts to develop measures of this sort, and argues that a fresh approach is needed in order to overcome some persistent problems that dog research in this area. The paper argues that there might be…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Evaluation Methods, Second Language Learning, Measurement Techniques
Kerek, Eugenia; Niemi, Pekka – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2009
The unique structure of Russian orthography may influence the organization and acquisition of reading skills in Russian. The present review examines phonemic-graphemic correspondences in Russian orthography and discusses its grain-size units and possible difficulties for beginning readers and writers. Russian orthography is governed by a…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Reading Skills, Russian, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
Wan-a-rom, Udorn – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2008
This study compared graded-reader wordlists with the General Service List (GSL; West, 1953) and investigated the words in those lists and the words actually used in graded-reader books. The wordlists from the 2 major graded-reader series, the GSL, and the words actually used in the graded readers were examined using the Range program. The…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Comparative Analysis, Word Lists
Gardner, Dee – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2008
Fourteen collections of children's reading materials were used to investigate the claim that collections of authentic texts with a common theme, or written by one author, afford readers with more repeated exposures to new words than unrelated materials. The collections, distinguished by relative thematic tightness, authorship (1 vs. 4 authors),…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Recycling, Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development
Marianne – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2007
Ten high-school students of English as a second language (ESL) intensively studied the modified version of "The Cay" (retold by Strange, 1997). During their study the teacher asked questions designed to elicit students' comprehension and understanding of racism and prejudice as the main themes of "The Cay". Analysis of classroom discourse data…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, High School Students
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