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Stephens, Meredith – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2019
Aka (2019) conducted an year-long large-scale study demonstrating that Japanese high school students who undertook extensive reading performed better than a control group who undertook grammatical instruction. Those showing the greatest gains were those of lower and intermediate proficiency. The students' achievement was measured in terms of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, High School Students, Foreign Countries
Cobb, Thomas – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
Thomas Cobb's 2007 applied linguistics paper, "Computing the Vocabulary Demands of L2 Reading" dealt with whether reading alone can build an adequate reading lexicon in a second language, or whether some sort of extra vocabulary training will normally be required. In the article, Cobb proposed that in the case of adult academic ESL…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
McQuillan, Jeff – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
In his 2016 article, "What Can Readers Read after Graded Readers?" (EJ1098660), Jeff McQuillan provided data to show that there is an adequate amount of reading material that can be read at or above 98% vocabulary coverage to provide sufficient input to acquire most of the word families from the 2,000- to the 9,000-word-family levels.…
Descriptors: Reader Response, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills, Reading Habits
Racine, John P. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2011
In their paper, Meara and Olmos Alcoy (2010) attempted to find a means of estimating productive second language (L2) vocabulary size based on the premise that many known lexical items simply do not appear in learner-produced texts. To do so, they borrowed an ecological model, in which a capture-recapture formula, the Petersen estimate, is used to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary, Experiments, Models
Brown, Dale – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
The calculation of text coverage, that is the proportion of a text covered by a vocabulary of a given size, has become a standardized procedure in recent years. Such calculations provide important information for research and pedagogy about issues such as the goals of vocabulary learning and the ease or difficulty of particular texts. Chujo and…
Descriptors: Nouns, Research Methodology, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning
Matsuoka, Warren; Hirsh, David – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study investigates the vocabulary learning opportunities in an ELT course book designed for upper-intermediate learners. All the words appearing in the 12 chapters of the text were analyzed. The results suggest that the text would provide opportunities to deepen knowledge of the second 1,000 most frequent words in English, and would provide a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Reading Programs, Vocabulary Development
Webb, Stuart – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study examined the extent to which glossaries may affect the percentage of known words (coverage) in television programs. The transcripts of 51 episodes of 2 television programs ("House" and "Grey's Anatomy") were analyzed using Range (Heatley, Nation, & Coxhead, 2002) to create glossaries consisting of the low-frequency (less frequent than…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Glossaries, Second Language Learning, Television
Laufer, Batia; Ravenhorst-Kalovski, Geke C. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
We explore the relationship between second language (L2) learners' vocabulary size, lexical text coverage that their vocabulary provides and their reading comprehension. We also conceptualize "adequate reading comprehension" and look for the lexical threshold for such reading in terms of coverage and vocabulary size. Vocabulary size was…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Nouns, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning
Macalister, John – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Fluent reading is essential for successful comprehension. One dimension of reading fluency is reading rate, or reading speed. Because of the importance of reading fluency, fluency development activities should be incorporated into classroom practice. One activity that meets the fluency development conditions proposed by Nation (2007) is speed…
Descriptors: Speed Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction
Horst, Marlise – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Opportunities for incidental vocabulary acquisition were explored in a 121,000-word corpus of teacher talk addressed to advanced adult learners of English as a second language (ESL) in a communicatively-oriented conversation class. In contrast to previous studies that relied on short excerpts, the corpus contained all of the teacher speech the…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Adult Students, Vocabulary Development, Incidental Learning
Meara, Paul M.; Alcoy, Juan Carlos Olmos – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This paper addresses the issue of how we might be able to assess productive vocabulary size in second language learners. It discusses some previous attempts to develop measures of this sort, and argues that a fresh approach is needed in order to overcome some persistent problems that dog research in this area. The paper argues that there might be…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Evaluation Methods, Second Language Learning, Measurement Techniques
Gardner, Dee – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2008
Fourteen collections of children's reading materials were used to investigate the claim that collections of authentic texts with a common theme, or written by one author, afford readers with more repeated exposures to new words than unrelated materials. The collections, distinguished by relative thematic tightness, authorship (1 vs. 4 authors),…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Recycling, Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development
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Nation, Paul; Ming-Tzu, Karen Wang – Reading in a Foreign Language, 1999
Examines the potential for vocabulary learning using a corpus of 42 grade readers from one series of graded readers (seven at each of six levels in the series). It was found that in order to have 95% coverage of the running words at a level in the series, it was necessary to already know the vocabulary of the current level in the scheme.…
Descriptors: Basal Reading, Computer Software, English (Second Language), Instructional Materials