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Stephens, Meredith – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2019
Aka (2019) conducted an year-long large-scale study demonstrating that Japanese high school students who undertook extensive reading performed better than a control group who undertook grammatical instruction. Those showing the greatest gains were those of lower and intermediate proficiency. The students' achievement was measured in terms of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, High School Students, Foreign Countries
Cobb, Thomas – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
Thomas Cobb's 2007 applied linguistics paper, "Computing the Vocabulary Demands of L2 Reading" dealt with whether reading alone can build an adequate reading lexicon in a second language, or whether some sort of extra vocabulary training will normally be required. In the article, Cobb proposed that in the case of adult academic ESL…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
McQuillan, Jeff – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
In his 2016 article, "What Can Readers Read after Graded Readers?" (EJ1098660), Jeff McQuillan provided data to show that there is an adequate amount of reading material that can be read at or above 98% vocabulary coverage to provide sufficient input to acquire most of the word families from the 2,000- to the 9,000-word-family levels.…
Descriptors: Reader Response, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills, Reading Habits
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Waring, Rob; McLean, Stuart – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2015
The Extensive Reading Foundation's bibliography now boasts over 530 articles with "Extensive Reading" in the title. About 35% of this rich and diverse body of papers were published in the past decade. A meta-review of this literature shows it is quite fragmented as evidenced by considerable variability in the conceptualization of…
Descriptors: Reading Habits, Reading Research, Guidelines, Teaching Methods
Yoshida, Mami – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2012
This study was an investigation of how particular processing tasks influence L2 reading in relation to text type effects and L2 reading proficiency. Two groups of Japanese university EFL students (N = 103), varying in English reading proficiency, read a narrative passage and an expository passage in one of three task conditions: outlining,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Content Analysis, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency
Matsuoka, Warren; Hirsh, David – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study investigates the vocabulary learning opportunities in an ELT course book designed for upper-intermediate learners. All the words appearing in the 12 chapters of the text were analyzed. The results suggest that the text would provide opportunities to deepen knowledge of the second 1,000 most frequent words in English, and would provide a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Reading Programs, Vocabulary Development
Gauvin, Hanna S.; Hulstijn, Jan H. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Is it possible to tell whether bilinguals are able to read simple text in their two languages equally fluently? Is it thus possible to distinguish balanced bilinguals from unbalanced bilinguals with respect to reading fluency in their first language (L1) and second language (L2)? In this study, we avoided making direct comparisons between L1 and…
Descriptors: Sentences, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction
Webb, Stuart – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
This study examined the extent to which glossaries may affect the percentage of known words (coverage) in television programs. The transcripts of 51 episodes of 2 television programs ("House" and "Grey's Anatomy") were analyzed using Range (Heatley, Nation, & Coxhead, 2002) to create glossaries consisting of the low-frequency (less frequent than…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Glossaries, Second Language Learning, Television
Macalister, John – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Fluent reading is essential for successful comprehension. One dimension of reading fluency is reading rate, or reading speed. Because of the importance of reading fluency, fluency development activities should be incorporated into classroom practice. One activity that meets the fluency development conditions proposed by Nation (2007) is speed…
Descriptors: Speed Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction
Horst, Marlise – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2010
Opportunities for incidental vocabulary acquisition were explored in a 121,000-word corpus of teacher talk addressed to advanced adult learners of English as a second language (ESL) in a communicatively-oriented conversation class. In contrast to previous studies that relied on short excerpts, the corpus contained all of the teacher speech the…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Adult Students, Vocabulary Development, Incidental Learning
Gardner, Dee – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2008
Fourteen collections of children's reading materials were used to investigate the claim that collections of authentic texts with a common theme, or written by one author, afford readers with more repeated exposures to new words than unrelated materials. The collections, distinguished by relative thematic tightness, authorship (1 vs. 4 authors),…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Recycling, Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development
Marianne – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2007
Ten high-school students of English as a second language (ESL) intensively studied the modified version of "The Cay" (retold by Strange, 1997). During their study the teacher asked questions designed to elicit students' comprehension and understanding of racism and prejudice as the main themes of "The Cay". Analysis of classroom discourse data…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, High School Students
Claridge, Gillian – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2005
This study examines the characteristics and quality of simplification in graded readers as compared to those of "normal" authentic English. Two passages from graded readers are compared with the original passages. The comparison uses a computer programme, RANGE (Nation and Heatley, 2003) to analyse the distribution of high and low frequency words…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Discourse Analysis, Bibliometrics, Computer Software
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Nation, Paul; Ming-Tzu, Karen Wang – Reading in a Foreign Language, 1999
Examines the potential for vocabulary learning using a corpus of 42 grade readers from one series of graded readers (seven at each of six levels in the series). It was found that in order to have 95% coverage of the running words at a level in the series, it was necessary to already know the vocabulary of the current level in the scheme.…
Descriptors: Basal Reading, Computer Software, English (Second Language), Instructional Materials