ERIC Number: EJ689117
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Oct
Statistical Procedures for Research on L2 Reading Comprehension: An Examination of ANOVA and Regression Models
Reading in a Foreign Language, v16 n2 p51-69 Oct 2004
Through a discussion of research that examines a plethora of variables involved in second language (L2) reading comprehension, the present study attempts to examine and analyze the statistical procedures utilized in studies of this nature. A review of recent research from the past five and a half years from four leading scientific journals of reading is offered. Research questions that motivate the selection of statistical procedures are examined for each study. Results show that Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is utilized more than Regression Models (RM) primarily because researchers are asking questions about the variation between and within groups of variables and are not predicting performance on dependent variables via independent variables. The strong resemblances and differences between ANOVA and RMs are discussed in light of the review of research, and through a detailed critique of Brantmeier's (2003) study with different research questions and additional analysis of data, the relationship between statistical procedures is further exemplified. Explanation for the use of statistical procedures in light of recent theoretical models (Bernhardt, 2003) is included.
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Research, Models, Reading Comprehension, Statistical Analysis, Periodicals
Reading in a Foreign Language, National Foreign Language Resource Center, 1859 East-West Road, #106, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI 96822. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A