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Showing 1 to 15 of 38 results Save | Export
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Tortorelli, Laura S. – Reading Psychology, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore reading rates in informational text for children in the primary grades (1-3) by analyzing a large, preexisting statewide dataset (n = 21,005). The results indicated that children in the primary grades read informational text at approximately two-thirds the rates that would be anticipated based on previous…
Descriptors: Reading Rate, Elementary School Students, Norms, Grade 1
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Zimmerman, Belinda S.; Rasinski, Timothy V.; Was, Christopher A.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Dunlosky, John; Kruse, Sharon D.; Nikbakht, Elham – Reading Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the efficacy of the Fluency Development Lesson (FDL) in improving reading achievement in primary grade struggling readers. 30 readers, enrolled in a summer reading clinic, participated in daily 40-min mini-reading lessons across 5 weeks. During the fluency lessons, readers practiced and developed their literacy skills…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Smith, Grant S.; Paige, David D. – Reading Psychology, 2019
Becoming a fluent reader has been established as important to reading comprehension. Prosody (expression) is an indicator of fluent reading that is linked to improved comprehension in students across elementary, middle, and secondary grades. Fluent reading is most often evaluated by classroom teachers through the use of a rubric, with the most…
Descriptors: Interrater Reliability, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, National Competency Tests
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Tortorelli, Laura S. – Reading Psychology, 2018
Assessments of oral reading rate in words correct per minute (WCPM) have proliferated in elementary classrooms. This study explores the similarities and differences among students at the end of second grade who demonstrate low WCPM. Using latent profile analysis, readers with low WCPM compared to peers were identified (n = 2,191) from a state-wide…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Elementary School Students, Reading Rate, Reading Skills
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Morris, Darrell; Trathen, Woodrow; Perney, Jan; Gill, Tom; Schlagal, Robert; Ward, Devery; Frye, Elizabeth – Reading Psychology, 2018
Grounded in the simple view of reading, this study tracked the development of print-processing skill in high-, average-, and low-achieving readers at six time points across grades 1-3. Results showed large between-group differences in sight vocabulary, oral reading accuracy, and oral reading rate that remained stable from beginning of first grade…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Smith, Hiawatha D.; Miller, Samuel D. – Reading Psychology, 2018
This study evaluated the reading and motivational profiles of 187, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders who failed their state-mandated reading assessment. Students completed reading assessments and the Motivation for Reading Questionnaire. Overall, student performances were below grade-level expectations, with the greatest discrepancy occurring between…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Reading, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Seipel, Ben; Carlson, Sarah E.; Clinton, Virginia E. – Reading Psychology, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine moment-by-moment fluctuations in text comprehension processing and determine how and when poor and good comprehenders differ. To do so, we reanalyzed a dataset of think-aloud protocols from 138 intermediate elementary students. Both good and poor comprehenders used a variety of processing strategies when…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Text Structure, Reading Comprehension, Reader Text Relationship
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Jefferson, Ruth E.; Grant, Christina E.; Sander, Janay B. – Reading Psychology, 2017
This quasi-experimental study examined differences in student reading outcomes. Participants were third grade non-struggling readers. Intervention classrooms included core curriculum instruction plus evidence-based reading comprehension instruction and differentiated repeated readings. Comparison classrooms provided core curriculum instruction…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, High Stakes Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Schaffner, Ellen; Schiefele, Ulrich – Reading Psychology, 2016
This study addressed the role of reading motivation as a potential determinant of losses or gains in reading competence over six weeks of summer vacation (SV). Based on a sample of 223 third-grade elementary students, structural equation analyses showed that intrinsic reading motivation before SV contributed positively to both word and sentence…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Motivation, Reading Comprehension, Role
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Nelson, Kristin L.; Dole, Janice A.; Hosp, John L.; Hosp, Michelle K. – Reading Psychology, 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine the vocabulary teaching of primary-grade teachers (K-3) in low-income schools. A total of 337 observations were conducted during language arts blocks over a three-year period. A coding scheme was developed to analyze teachers' vocabulary instruction. Results indicated that teachers spent less than 5%…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Elementary School Teachers, Primary Education
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Roberts, Kathryn L.; Norman, Rebecca R.; Cocco, Jaime – Reading Psychology, 2015
This study examined relationships between reading comprehension, known predictors of reading comprehension (i.e., cognitive flexibility, fluency, reading motivation and attitude, vocabulary), and graphical device comprehension. One-hundred fifty-six third graders completed assessments of known predictor variables and an assessment tapping…
Descriptors: Correlation, Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables, Cognitive Ability
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Kragler, Sherry; Martin, Linda; Schreier, Virginia – Reading Psychology, 2015
In this three-year study, the authors examined the reading strategy use of 16 primary-grade students as they read fiction and expository text. The students (9 boys and 7 girls) represented low, average, and above-average readers. Structured interviews and observational data were collected each year as they progressed from first to third grade.…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies, Elementary School Students, Reading Skills
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Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Spencer, Mercedes; Schatschneider, Christopher – Reading Psychology, 2015
This study rank ordered the contributive importance of several predictors of listening comprehension for third, seventh, and tenth graders. Principal components analyses revealed that a three-factor solution with fluency, reasoning, and working memory components provided the best fit across grade levels. Dominance analyses indicated that fluency…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Listening Comprehension, Grade 3, Grade 7
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O'Brien, Beth A. – Reading Psychology, 2014
The developmental sequence of the types of orthographic knowledge that children acquire early in reading development is unclear. Following findings of skilled reading, the orthographic constraints of positional frequency and feedback consistency were explored with a wordlikeness judgement task for grades 1-3 English-speaking children. The data…
Descriptors: Child Development, Beginning Reading, Reading Skills, Orthographic Symbols
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Foster, David K.; Foster, Dean P. – Reading Psychology, 2014
This article provides a statistical analysis of the reading gains observed at one American school in the Caribbean that was using Accelerated Reader. It provides an estimate of the number of hours students needed to read to advance their reading performance an additional year. The authors estimate how much Accelerated Reader contributed to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gains, Reading Instruction
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