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Gilliam, Brenda K.; Dykes, Frank; Gerla, Jacqueline K.; Wright, Gary L. – Reading Improvement, 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore the link between speech and reading to oneself among struggling readers in secondary schools. The researchers examined the extent to which adolescent struggling readers used various vocal and subvocal behaviors, such as lip movement, mumbling, whispering, and oral reading during individual reading…
Descriptors: Silent Reading, Oral Reading, Reading Skills, Reading Instruction