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Edge, Julian – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2015
A major structural problem in the teaching of English worldwide is to be found in the arthritic power relationships that continue to limit the continuing professional development of its practitioners. The acceptance of the superior status of "theory" and "theorists", and the consequent subordination of teachers as the…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Power Structure
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Waters, Alan – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2015
The diversity of opinion about pedagogy within ELT (English Language Teaching) makes it essential that its professional discourse is sufficiently inclusive. However, this often fails to occur because ELT professional discussion is frequently too "Orwellian" in nature, i.e. behaves in a manner resembling the political structures in the…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Krashen, Stephen; Loh, Elizabeth Ka Yee – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2015
There appears to be a dramatic decline in attitude toward reading between 2006 and 2011 for ten year-olds taking the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) examination. This "decline", however, is probably not real but is the result of a change in the attitude questionnaire, mentioned only in the fine print in the 2011…
Descriptors: Reading Attitudes, Trend Analysis, Reading Tests, Elementary School Students
Richards, Jack C.; Reppen, Randi – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2014
Grammar can be viewed both as knowledge and as ability. When viewed as knowledge, the focus is on rules for sentence formation. When viewed as ability, the focus is on how grammar is used as a resource in the creation of spoken and written texts. Twelve principles are proposed as the basis for a pedagogy that focusses on acquiring learning to use…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Nguyen, Le Thi Cam; Nation, Paul – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2011
This article describes the development and validation of a Vietnamese bilingual version of the Vocabulary Size Test--a test which measures written receptive vocabulary size. The test can be used to measure the English vocabulary size of Vietnamese learners of English. A learner's total vocabulary size is calculated by multiplying their test result…
Descriptors: Test Results, Vocabulary, Monolingualism, Vocabulary Development
Nguyen, Minh Thi Thuy – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2011
Although a key component in English language teaching programs, English textbooks have been criticized for not offering classroom learners adequate opportunity for learning authentic language (Bardovi-Harlig, 2001; Grant and Starks, 2001; Wong, 2002; Vellenga, 2004). This is because instead of making use of language samples that native speakers…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Speech Acts, Textbooks, Foreign Countries
Pennington, Martha C.; Hoekje, Barbara J. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2010
A language program is a delicate and intricate system of interacting resources or components, which, like a biological ecology, is in a constant state of evolution and change. The interactive system making up the program's internal culture is connected ecologically to the external environment. The ecological model is introduced as a useful…
Descriptors: Second Language Programs, Administrator Role, Program Development, Second Language Instruction
Richards, Jack C. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2010
In order to plan for the professional development of English language teachers, we need to have a comprehensive understanding of what competence and expertise in language teaching consists of. What essential skills, knowledge, values, attitudes and goals do language teachers need, and how can these be acquired? This paper seeks to explore these…
Descriptors: Teaching Skills, Language Teachers, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language)
Senior, Rose – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2010
This is an exploratory paper that uses the construct of connectivity to examine the nature of effective language teaching and learning in both face-to-face and online learning environments. Broader in scope than Siemens' notion of connectivism, the term connectivity accommodates both transmission approaches to teaching and learning and social…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Constructivism (Learning), Teacher Effectiveness, Distance Education
Yong Mei Fung – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2010
As part of a research study on collaborative writing, this paper discusses defining and facilitating features that occur during face-to-face collaboration, based on the literature and research. The defining features are mutual interaction, negotiations, conflict, and shared expertise. Facilitating features include affective factors, use of L1,…
Descriptors: Conflict, Collaborative Writing, Language Usage, Language Acquisition
Ishii, Tomoko; Schmitt, Norbert – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2009
Following growing interest in vocabulary acquisition, a number of researchers have proposed how learners' vocabulary knowledge can be measured both in terms of how many words they know (vocabulary size) and how well they know those words (depth of knowledge). However, most of the depth measures have addressed only a single depth aspect (often for…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Riley, Paul A. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2009
This article is based on a study which investigated the beliefs about English language learning of 661 first-year university students and their 34 English teachers at a Japanese university. The focus of the article is the shifts in reported student beliefs over a nine-month period of English study between two administrations of the Sakui and Gaies…
Descriptors: Discussion Groups, Second Language Learning, Language Teachers, English (Second Language)
Kuo, Chih-Hua – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2008
The potential of online language learning has received much attention recently. This paper reports the design of an online writing system featuring learning support for non-native students during their writing process. The central premise is that in the online writing situation, students are in great need of writing aids. The proposed system…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Portfolios (Background Materials), Writing (Composition), Writing Processes
Richards, Jack C. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2008
Second Language Teacher Education (SLTE) is affected by two factors; a rethinking of its knowledge base and instructional practices as a response to changes in our understanding of the nature of SLTE, as well as external pressures resulting from the expanded need for competent language teachers worldwide. The impact of these two factors is seen in…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Second Language Instruction, Language Teachers, Educational Change
Krashen, Stephen – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2008
The recent past in language teaching has been dominated by the Skill-Building Hypothesis, the view that we learn language by first learning about it, and then practicing the rules we learned in output. The present is marked by the emergence of the Comprehension Hypothesis, the view that we acquire language when we understand messages, and is also…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Teaching Methods, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
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