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Mahboob, Ahmar – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2018
Currently, a growing number of teaching approaches focus on aspects of variation in language (e.g. English as a Lingua Franca (ELF), World Englishes, English for Specific Purposes (ESP), genre theories, etc.); however, each of these approaches tends to focus on particular (specific) aspects of language variation and do not fully account for the…
Descriptors: Language Variation, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Richards, Jack C. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2017
Most of the world's English language teachers speak English as a second or third language rather than as their first language. For many, their level of proficiency in English may not reach benchmarks established by their employers, raising the issue that is the focus of this article, namely, what kind of proficiency in English is necessary to be…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Proficiency
Nguyen, Le Thi Cam; Nation, Paul – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2011
This article describes the development and validation of a Vietnamese bilingual version of the Vocabulary Size Test--a test which measures written receptive vocabulary size. The test can be used to measure the English vocabulary size of Vietnamese learners of English. A learner's total vocabulary size is calculated by multiplying their test result…
Descriptors: Test Results, Vocabulary, Monolingualism, Vocabulary Development
Ishii, Tomoko; Schmitt, Norbert – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2009
Following growing interest in vocabulary acquisition, a number of researchers have proposed how learners' vocabulary knowledge can be measured both in terms of how many words they know (vocabulary size) and how well they know those words (depth of knowledge). However, most of the depth measures have addressed only a single depth aspect (often for…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Kroll, Barbara – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research in Southeast Asia, 1991
The topic development process for the Educational Testing Service's Test of Written English (TWE) is described, along with the work of the Core Reader group and the procedures for reading and scoring the TWE. The TWE scoring guide (revised 2/90) is appended. (Contains 20 references.) (Author/LB)
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language Proficiency, Language Tests