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Cottrell, Joseph M.; Barrett, Courtenay A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2017
Debate regarding the causes of specific learning disabilities (SLDs), precise definitions of SLDs, and the most effective identification methods has persisted for over 50 years. Two prominent schools of thought regarding SLDs exist: (1) biological perspectives and (2) environmental perspectives. Three identification methods are outlined in the…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, Learning Disabilities, Response to Intervention, Children
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Dufrene, Brad A.; Kazmerski, Jennifer S.; Labrot, Zachary – Psychology in the Schools, 2017
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act requires that functional behavior assessments be conducted under certain circumstances for students with disabilities. Functional assessments may include indirect assessments (e.g., rating scales, interviews), direct-descriptive assessments (e.g., direct observations with conditional…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Developmental Disabilities, Meta Analysis, Disabilities
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Decker, Scott L.; Hale, James B.; Flanagan, Dawn P. – Psychology in the Schools, 2013
Research has demonstrated that many children have learning problems related to deficits in specific cognitive processes that are not adequately represented by a single IQ score. The administration of cognitive measures that include narrow abilities is useful in understanding specific learning problems and developing effective interventions.…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Intelligence Tests
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Hanchon, Timothy A.; Allen, Ryan A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2013
From its inception as a disability category in the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, serving students under the special education category Emotional Disturbance (ED) has been a challenging task for school psychologists. In particular, the vague and ambiguous federal definition has created an environment in which inconsistent assessment…
Descriptors: Disability Identification, Emotional Disturbances, School Psychologists, Evaluation Methods
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Etscheidt, Susan; Clopton, Kerri; Haselhuhn, Charlotte – Psychology in the Schools, 2012
The decision to begin the process for special education eligibility has complexities impacting children, parents, teachers, and schools. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) eligibility provisions specify the need to obtain consent prior to evaluation and options when consent cannot be obtained. School psychologists…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education, Eligibility, Court Litigation
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Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Bianco, Margarita – Psychology in the Schools, 2011
The identification of children who are twice-exceptional--those who are gifted and have concomitant learning disabilities (LDs)--has historically posed a number of challenges for school psychologists and other school personnel. With the reauthorization of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act and the shift to the use of a…
Descriptors: Gifted Disabled, Identification, Response to Intervention, Models
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Flanagan, Dawn P.; Fiorello, Catherine A.; Ortiz, Samuel O. – Psychology in the Schools, 2010
This article demonstrates how the broad and narrow abilities and processes that comprise Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory and their relations to specific academic outcomes have begun to transform our current understanding of the definition of and methods for identifying specific learning disability (SLD), particularly in the school setting. The…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Theories, Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification
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Schmitt, Ara J.; Wodrich, David L.; Lazar, Susan – Psychology in the Schools, 2010
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic illness that can impact learning and often requires medical management in the school setting. School psychologists must therefore be knowledgeable of special service eligibility criteria associated with T1DM, the health-related services often required of such students, and what health-related services…
Descriptors: Health Services, Eligibility, School Psychologists, Diabetes
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Sullivan, Amanda L.; Long, Lori – Psychology in the Schools, 2010
As Response to Intervention (RtI) approaches become more common in educational systems throughout the country, it is increasingly important to identify how practitioners perceive these changes and how they obtain the skills necessary to face emergent roles and responsibilities. In this exploratory study, a national sample of 557 school…
Descriptors: Intervention, School Culture, School Psychologists, School Psychology