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Barenberg, Jonathan; Roeder, Ute-Regina; Dutke, Stephan – Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2018
Studies demonstrate that students' study behavior is frequently dysfunctional, because they tend to cram shortly before examinations. This behavior is antithetical to spaced learning and can impair academic achievement. We investigated the extent that the temporal distribution of learning activities (a) varies as a function of the organization of…
Descriptors: Study Habits, Metacognition, Learning Strategies, Pacing
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Schwieren, Juliane; Barenberg, Jonathan; Dutke, Stephan – Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2017
The testing effect is a robust empirical finding in the research on learning and instruction, demonstrating that taking tests during the learning phase facilitates later retrieval from long-term memory. Early evidence came mainly from laboratory studies, though in recent years applied educational researchers have become increasingly interested in…
Descriptors: Testing, Meta Analysis, Outcomes of Education, Recall (Psychology)
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Dutke, Stephan; Barenberg, Jonathan – Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2015
We introduce a specific type of item for knowledge tests, confidence-weighted true-false (CTF) items, and review experiences of its application in psychology courses. A CTF item is a statement about the learning content to which students respond whether the statement is true or false, and they rate their confidence level. Previous studies using…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Psychology, Objective Tests