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Hagaman, Jessica L.; Casey, Kathryn J.; Reid, Robert – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Reading comprehension is important for academic success and is a skill required for many activities in school and beyond. This study investigated the effects of the TRAP (Think before you read, Read a paragraph, Ask myself, "What was this paragraph mostly about?" and Put it into my own words) paraphrasing strategy taught using the…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Rural Schools, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
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Feuerborn, Laura L.; Tyre, Ashli D. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) offers an alternative to reactive and exclusionary school discipline practices. However, the shift to SWPBS requires substantial change in the practices of staff, and many leadership teams struggle to rally staff support for implementation. With a more thorough understanding of staff perceptions, level…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Teacher Attitudes, Program Development, Program Implementation
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Haydon, Todd; Kroeger, Stephen D. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
One proactive approach to increasing student engagement in schools is implementing Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) strategies. PBIS focuses on prevention and concentrates on quality-of-life issues that include improved academic achievement, enhanced social competence, and safe learning and teaching environments. This study is a…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Student Behavior, Case Studies, Learner Engagement
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Preston, Angela I.; Wood, Charles L.; Stecker, Pamela M. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Response to intervention (RTI) emerged from the 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, but the roots of RTI are found embedded within the history of the field of learning disabilities (LD) as well as other sources of influence. In what follows, we provide a brief history of LD and highlight the connection between…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Disabilities
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Zolkoski, Staci M.; Bullock, Lyndal M.; Gable, Robert A. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Many students with emotional and behavioral disorders placed in alternative education settings lack resilience and are likely to experience failure in school and beyond without carefully designed intervention programs. Although researchers have examined both resilience in children and youth and their placement in alternative education settings,…
Descriptors: High School Graduates, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Nontraditional Education
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Hernandez-Melis, Claudia; Fenning, Pamela; Lawrence, Elizabeth – Preventing School Failure, 2016
The purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of an alternative to suspension intervention on students' subsequent major referrals. The intervention included activities designed to teach social coping strategies as well as mediation to resolve interpersonal conflicts. The intervention was implemented in a therapeutic high school, and…
Descriptors: Suspension, Intervention, High School Students, Behavior Problems
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Lein, Amy E.; Jitendra, Asha K.; Starosta, Kristin M.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Hughes-Reid, Cheyenne L.; Star, Jon R. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
In this study, the authors assessed the contribution of engagement (on-task behavior) to the mathematics problem-solving performance of seventh-grade students after accounting for prior mathematics achievement. A subsample of seventh-grade students in four mathematics classrooms (one high-, two average-, and one low-achieving) from a larger…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Grade 7, Mathematics Achievement, Time on Task
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Hinton, Vanessa M.; Flores, Margaret M.; Schweck, Kelly; Burton, Megan E. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Counting skills are foundational for young children to build number concepts in mathematics. Multitiered instruction that involves core instruction as well as supplemental interventions is implemented to support young children in the learning process and promote early intervention of basic skills. Researchers show that explicit instruction is…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Computation, Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills
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Hornby, Garry – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Bullying is a major concern in education worldwide, particularly in countries such as New Zealand that are reported to have high rates of bullying in schools. In this article it is proposed that, in order to effectively prevent or substantially reduce bullying in schools, a systemic approach needs to be adopted, with interventions organized at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Ecology, Systems Approach
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Vancel, Samantha M.; Missall, Kristen N.; Bruhn, Allison L. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
With over 14,000 schools implementing Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS), it is important to consider factors that contribute to effective implementation--which may affect student outcomes. Social validity is one factor that may influence implementation. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Validity, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics
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Hollingshead, Aleksandra; Kroeger, Stephen D.; Altus, Jillian; Trytten, Joyce Brubaker – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Struggling with frequent off-task behavior, a teacher in a midwestern inner-city high school requested assistance in her social studies classroom. A study was designed to investigate if a combination of positive behavior supports-based interventions such as behavior-specific praise and reduced teacher reprimands might improve on-task behavior. A…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, High Schools, Secondary School Teachers, Social Studies
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Francis, Grace L.; Blue-Banning, Martha; Haines, Shana J.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Gross, Judith M. S. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
All educational stakeholders benefit when families and school staff have trusting partnerships as they work together to achieve mutual goals. Eleven focus groups were conducted with parents of children with and without disabilities in six schools, which had been selected as knowledge development sites by the Schoolwide Integrated Framework for…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Partnerships in Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers
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Swanson, Elizabeth; Reed, Deborah; Vaughn, Sharon – Preventing School Failure, 2016
High school social studies teachers face unique challenges in helping their students learn independently from text in their discipline. In this article, a set of research-based practices that couple independent student reading with high-quality instruction proven to improve content learning for high school nonnative English speakers is provided.…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Social Studies, Independent Reading, Content Area Reading
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Worrell, Jamie; Duffy, Mary Lou; Brady, Michael P.; Dukes, Charles; Gonzalez-DeHass, Alyssa – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Many schools use computer-based testing to measure students' progress for end-of-the-year and statewide assessments. There is little research to support whether computer-based testing accurately reflects student progress, particularly among students with learning, performance, and generalization difficulties. This article summarizes an…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Generalization, Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension
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Flores, Margaret M.; Hinton, Vanessa M.; Burton, Megan E. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Mathematical word problems are the most common form of mathematics problem solving implemented in K-12 schools. Identifying key words is a frequent strategy taught in classrooms in which students struggle with problem solving and show low success rates in mathematics. Researchers show that using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA)…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Word Problems (Mathematics), Intervention, Teaching Methods
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