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Sheehey, Patricia H.; Wells, Jenny C.; Rowe, Mary – Preventing School Failure, 2017
Students with cerebral palsy (CP) without severe intellectual impairments often experience difficulties in mathematics performance. Given the high prevalence of learning difficulties in students with CP, few studies have examined interventions to improve the math competency of these students (Jenks et al., 2009). A single-subject reversal design…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cerebral Palsy, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction
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Wall, Candace A.; Rafferty, Lisa A.; Camizzi, Mariya A.; Max, Caroline A.; Van Blargan, David M. – Preventing School Failure, 2016
Many students who struggle to obtain the alphabetic principle are at risk for being identified as having a reading disability and would benefit from additional explicit phonics instruction as a remedial measure. In this action research case study, the research team conducted two experiments to investigate the effects of a color-coded, onset-rime,…
Descriptors: Action Research, Decoding (Reading), Intervention, Elementary School Students
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Anderson, Jeffrey A.; Howland, Allison A.; McCoach, D. Betsy – Preventing School Failure, 2015
Even with increased risks, many children demonstrate resiliency and avoid being labeled for special education; however, research on risk and resilience has been problematic because of inadequate statistical models, limitations of available data, and the exclusion of key protective factors. This study used a national sample to examine the influence…
Descriptors: Parents, Individual Characteristics, Special Education, Resilience (Psychology)
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Ball, Carrie R.; Finch, W. Holmes; Gettinger, Maribeth – Preventing School Failure, 2014
Prior research has documented that classroom-level variables have a significant effect on student outcomes; however, previous findings have typically focused on average student outcomes and have only recently begun to use hierarchical linear modeling techniques. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of classroom-level variables on the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, At Risk Students, Classroom Environment, Context Effect
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Mahdavi, Jennifer N.; Tensfeldt, Lael – Preventing School Failure, 2013
Although early reading instruction focuses on phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle, research indicates that reading comprehension strategies can be effectively taught to young students. Peer-reviewed studies that employed experimental or quasi-experimental designs and included children between the ages of five and nine, some of whom had…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Strategies, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students
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Abbott, Mary; Wills, Howard – Preventing School Failure, 2012
In today's educational environment, schools struggle to meet the academic needs of every student. Many schools are challenged by the use of a response-to-intervention framework in which too many students need strong interventions. This article details a data-driven, decision-making response-to-intervention reading team model in which teachers,…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Data, Decision Making, Reading Instruction
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Benner, Gregory J.; Ralston, Nicole C.; Feuerborn, Laura – Preventing School Failure, 2012
Processing speed plays an important role in numerous facets of life functioning. Language, academic achievement, and behavior are all associated with processing speed; however, researchers have yet to investigate the effect of interventions, particularly language-based interventions, on the processing speed and the behavioral functioning of…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Intervention, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Disorders
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Fahsl, Allison J.; Luce, Amanda E. – Preventing School Failure, 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Fight-Free Schools violence prevention process had an effect on the frequency of aggressive acts of elementary school students. Participants included approximately 600 students ranging from Kindergarten to 5th grade in a suburban school in the Midwestern United States. Data were collected over…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Suburban Schools, Prevention, Aggression
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Goss, C. Lee; Brown-Chidsey, Rachel – Preventing School Failure, 2012
With the emergence of response to intervention as a key element for supporting school success for all students, there is a need for teachers to know which interventions have been found to be effective. Some interventions have been validated with a number of research studies, but new interventions also need such validation. This study was a program…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Program Evaluation, Reading, Reading Programs
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Helf, Shawnna; Cooke, Nancy L.; Flowers, Claudia P. – Preventing School Failure, 2009
Schools face many decisions on how to maximize instructional time and provide support for students who are at risk for failure in reading. Instructional grouping plays an important role. The authors used a true group experimental design to compare 2 grouping conditions--1:1 (1 tutor to 1 student) and 1:3 (1 tutor to 3 students)--on the reading…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Reading Failure, Reading Achievement
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Vannest, Kimberly J.; Soares, Denise A.; Harrison, Judith R.; Brown, Leanne; Parker, Richard I. – Preventing School Failure, 2009
Studies on special education teacher time use (TTU) have indicated that special education teachers spend small percentages of their day teaching. The authors examined goal setting and self-monitoring to change the time use of 4 teachers. In terms of TTU, each teacher articulated goals for increasing some tasks (e.g., instruction) and decreasing…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Special Education Teachers, Teaching Methods, Time Management
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Morin, Joseph E.; Franks, David J. – Preventing School Failure, 2009
Some students enter the world of mathematics with a disadvantage. The authors explored the causes for this from a language-processing perspective. They were particularly concerned with students with potential learning disabilities or specific language impairments. They also explored the role of language-mediated instruction in creating an…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Mathematics Education, Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments
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Coulter, Gail; Shavin, Karen; Gichuru, Margaret – Preventing School Failure, 2009
Children in general education are classified by measures of oral reading fluency (ORF) to determine the level of support needed for reading. In addition, teachers use ORF measures with children who receive special education services to determine whether they are making progress toward their reading goals. In this descriptive study, the authors…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Reading Fluency, Scoring, Classification
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Ornelles, Cecily – Preventing School Failure, 2007
In this study, the author used a multiple baseline design to evaluate the effects of a structured intervention on the engagement and initiations of 3 children identified as at-risk for school difficulty. The intervention had two phases. During intervention (Phase 1) the students received 9 15-min instructional sessions. The intervention had 3…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Intervention, Age, Learning Problems
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Craft Al-Hazza, Tami; Gupta, Abha – Preventing School Failure, 2006
The authors recommend a reading tutoring lesson framework, in a checklist format, to guide volunteer tutors during tutoring sessions for children in elementary grades 1-3. The reading tutor checklist is intended to be used by literacy coaches, reading specialists, and classroom teachers to train literacy volunteers in schools. The checklist…
Descriptors: Volunteers, Educational Strategies, Check Lists, Word Recognition