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Schneider, Gail Thierbach – Planning and Changing, 1984
A total of 942 (59 percent of the national sample) school board members, administrators, and teachers responded to a merit pay opinion survey. Factor analysis revealed six factors; as hypothesized, school board members tended to be in greater agreement with the issues than either administrators or teachers. (MLF)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Analysis of Variance, Boards of Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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Bozeman, William C.; Schmelzer, Sue – Planning and Changing, 1984
Compares planning techniques in business with those in education, first noting general approaches to planning and then drawing implications for more effective educational planning. (JW)
Descriptors: Design, Educational Administration, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education
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Riew, John; Larson, John – Planning and Changing, 1984
Develops a model for estimating the comparative costs of a middle school structure and an intermediate school structure. Considers the extensive cost data collected in the Montgomery County (Maryland) school system. (JW)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Educational Finance, Efficiency, Elementary Secondary Education
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Podemski, Richard S.; Childers, John H., Jr. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Examines several organizational impediments to school counselors' effectiveness, including inadequate staff communication, resulting in role conflict and ambiguity. Discusses major organizational and individual aspects of the counselor's role, identifies five revitalizing trends, and describes a set of procedures to determine the most important…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Communication (Thought Transfer), Elementary Secondary Education, Prevention
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Dubin, Andrew E. – Planning and Changing, 1987
As schools become more complex, so must administrator training and educational processes. This article discusses the need for methods to "socialize" administrator candidates to their new roles through experiential interaction using case studies, close supervision, and videotaping in graduate training programs. Includes eight references. (MLH)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Administrator Role, Case Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
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Muth, Rodney – Planning and Changing, 1987
Understanding both process and context is essential to resolving problems. This paper articulates the decision seminar model, a rational problem-solving technique, and uses a hypothetical policy problem to show how various stages of the model might be applied to school issues. Process facilitates problem definition, inhibits fragmentation, and…
Descriptors: Administrators, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Management Development
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Clark, Vernon L. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Some of the most pervasive educational innovations are occurring within teacher-education curricula at historically Black institutions. Although these institutions represent only 5 percent of U.S. univerities and colleges, they have produced 66 percent of the Black teachers. Data concerning historically Black and White state colleges in Maryland…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Educational Change, Higher Education, Standardized Tests
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Coleman, Donald G.; Achilles, C. M. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Inspired by the publication of "Leaders for America's Schools" (1987), a guide for improving administrator preparation, this paper identifies program components to be reformed, examines general problems associated with each component, and encourages thinking about solutions to some of these problems. Assessment centers to test administrator skills…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Admission Criteria, Assessment Centers (Personnel), Educational Change
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Goldberg, Steven S. – Planning and Changing, 1986
Research suggests that federal legislation to resolve educational issues may be unrealistic and unworkable in practice. Parents and school officials accustomed to controlling educational decision making do not appreciate policy imposition from a distant bureaucracy; responses to policy may produce unequal or unfair outcomes when implemented at the…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Instructional Improvement
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Daresh, John C. – Planning and Changing, 1987
Describes a recent study of principals' evaluations and perceptions concerning the quality of inservice learning experiences based on five alternative models. Findings disclosed participants' preferences for short-term institutes sponsored by a professional association and informal networking. More work is needed to design effective inservice…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education, Inservice Education, Management Development
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Van Meter, Eddy J.; Scollay, Susan J. – Planning and Changing, 1985
Four trends within planned change literature are identified: the increased use of the concept of limited rationality; a better understanding of the implementation process; more exploration of issues dealing with evaluation; and the development of new models for understanding planned change. (MD)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation
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Glass, Thomas E. – Planning and Changing, 1985
Discusses teacher competency and its relationship to teacher training programs. Examines the school reform movement and how it could affect teacher training programs. (MD)
Descriptors: College Instruction, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Effectiveness