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Maitland, Alison; Gervis, Misia – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2010
Background: Goal-setting is not always the simple motivational technique when used in an applied sport setting especially in relation to the meaning of achievement in competitive sport. Goal-setting needs to be examined in a broader context than goal-setting theory, such as provided by social cognitive theories of motivation. In football, the…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Team Sports, Clubs, Heuristics
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Harvey, Stephen; Cushion, Christopher J.; Massa-Gonzalez, Ada N. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2010
Background: Coaches' knowledge and actions are both the product and manifestation of a personally experienced involvement with the coaching process; they are linked to the coach's history and both are attributable to how they were learned. Changing established coaching practice can be problematic, particularly as coaching lacks a critical…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Learning Theories, Team Sports, Participant Observation
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Wilson, Laurie M.; Bloom, Gordon A.; Harvey, William J. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2010
Background: Research on coach development and knowledge acquisition has traditionally focused on those working at either university or Olympic levels. Despite the large body of research using these participants, there are relatively few empirical studies on the knowledge development of high school coaches, in particular, physical education…
Descriptors: Research Design, High Schools, Physical Education, Qualitative Research
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Timken, Gay L.; van der Mars, Hans – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2009
Background: Preservice teachers' beliefs and values develop during their K-12 "apprenticeship of observation" and filter both compatible and incompatible ideas about teaching and learning. Preservice teacher education has been suggested as a critical period for examining beliefs about teaching and learning. Case methods may be one curricular tool…
Descriptors: Case Method (Teaching Technique), Physical Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers
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Carson, Russell L.; Chase, Melissa A. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2009
Background: The motivation of physical education (PE) teachers has received precious little attention over the years. Self-determination theory (SDT) is a salient theoretical model for understanding motivation, and posits that self-determined motivation (i.e., intrinsic motivation) stems from the perceived fulfillment of three psychological needs:…
Descriptors: Professional Autonomy, Psychological Needs, Individual Characteristics, Teacher Motivation
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Jones, Robyn L. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2009
Background: Recent research into coaching has been critical of much previous work, particularly in terms of the tendency to paint a rather unproblematic portrayal of the activity. The criticism has focussed on the erroneous supposition that method can be substituted for individuals, thus giving a synthetic account of a most messy of jobs.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Tales, Athletic Coaches, Personal Narratives
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Seghers, Jan; de Martelaer, Kristine; Cardon, Greet – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2009
Background: A lack of physical activity (PA) and the occurrence of overweight and obesity among school-aged youth have become a major societal problem. Arising from the general concern about the future generations' health, schools have been found to be potentially important settings to promote positive health behaviour, since all pupils can be…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Education, Physical Activity Level, Child Health
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Martin, Jeffrey J.; McCaughtry, Nate; Hodges-Kulinna, Pamela; Cothran, Donetta – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: Many children and adolescents are physically inactive and become even less active as they age. USA high school students' rates of attendance in physical education (PE) classes sharply decline by grade with 73% of ninth graders attending PE, while only 31% of seniors attend. Non-Caucasian youth report the lowest levels of physical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Urban Schools, Physical Education, Intervention
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Evans, John; Davies, Brian – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: At the heart of this polemic lies the view that contemporary research in PE and Health (PEH) has largely overlooked one of the key determinants of social behaviour, social class and its expression in and outside schools; an omission that has quite serious consequences for how we (researchers and teachers) think about and conceptualise…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Social Class, Educational Research, Health Promotion
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Patterson, Debra L.; van der Mars, Hans – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: It has been observed that physical activity patterns of health-related behavior are established in childhood and may continue into adulthood. Recent findings showing a relationship between the onset of chronic diseases and sedentary lifestyles support the importance of examining Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA). One…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Educational Strategies, Physical Education, Verbal Communication
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Morgan, Philip; Bourke, Sid – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: Over the past 20 years, a number of researchers have expressed concern over the lack of confidence and qualifications of primary school teachers to teach PE. Evidently, the influence of personal school PE experiences may play an important role in the development of teachers' confidence to appropriately teach PE. Most research that has…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Causal Models, Values Clarification
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Evans, John; Penney, Dawn – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: This paper develops an analysis of how "educability" and "physical ability" are socially configured through the practices of physical education (PE) in schools. We pursue this interest as part of a broader project, shared by many in the wider community of social science researchers in PE, to better understand how…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Curriculum, Physical Education, Social Control
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Wright, Jan; Konza, Deslea; Hearne, Doug; Okely, Tony – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: Following the 2000 Sydney Olympics, the NSW Premier, Mr Bob Carr, launched a school-based initiative in NSW government primary schools called the "Gold Medal Fitness Program" to encourage children to be fitter and more active. The Program was introduced into schools through a model of professional development, "Quality…
Descriptors: Portfolios (Background Materials), Research Design, Physical Education, Physical Activities
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Morgan, Kevin; Kingston, Kieran – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: Two goal perspectives predominate in achievement settings such as physical education (PE), namely task involvement, focused on self-referenced effort and improvement, and ego involvement, focused on normative ability comparisons. A task (mastery) involving motivational climate is associated with adaptive motivational responses, whereas…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Student Teachers, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Physical Education Teachers
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Tsangaridou, Niki – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2008
Background: In exploring the complexity of teaching, scholars have suggested that greater attention needs to be paid to the teachers' thoughts and actions and to how these affect quality teaching. Up to today, very few studies have investigated the relationship between teachers' beliefs and practices even though it has an important role to play in…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Methods Courses, Teacher Effectiveness, Field Experience Programs