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Showing 76 to 90 of 158 results Save | Export
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DeCesare, Tony – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
With only some fear of oversimplification, the fundamental differences between Walter Lippmann and John Dewey that are of concern here can be introduced by giving attention to Lippmann's deceptively simple formulation of a central problem in democratic theory: "The environment is complex. Man's political capacity is simple. Can a bridge be built…
Descriptors: Democracy, Politics, Theories, Expertise
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Currie-Knight, Kevin – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
American public education has become increasingly centralized over the last hundred and fifty years. Everything from curricular objectives and assessment tools to teacher certification criteria (and, often, textbook decisions) are being made at the state level rather than the county, district, or school level. Increasingly, teachers are told what…
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Administrative Organization, Theories, Centralization
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Hurley, Angela – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
Numerous popular figures currently espouse the importance of spirituality. Some prominent voices, such as Deepak Chopra, Marianne Williamson, and Eckhart Tolle, advocate a more spiritual existence, warning that the earth and humanity are engaged in a seismic change. The shift of spiritual leaders from fringe to fairly mainline attention is…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Altruism, Popular Culture, Intimacy
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Narey, Daniel C. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
Democracy is often theorized as a form of political association grounded in shared meanings, common experiences, and convergent interests among the associated individuals. Because differences and divergences seem to stand in the way of commonality and consensus, the coexistence of a plurality of meanings, experiences, interests, languages,…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Democracy, Differences, Criticism
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Watras, Joseph – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
In the first half of the twentieth century, the ideal of democracy influenced the conceptions people had of the academic subject matters. A common criticism was that abstract academic subjects served aristocratic societies. Although most theorists considered the academic subjects to be important, they had differing views on the conception of…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories, Democracy, Intellectual Disciplines
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York, J. G. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
According to John Banas and colleagues, the research on laughter in the classroom indicates that a classroom full of laughter increases learning. In contrast, Plato argued that laughter is a vice and chastised those who would give in to it. Nonetheless, between the ancient concept of laughter as vice and the modern concept of laughter as learning…
Descriptors: Learning Experience, Democracy, Humor, Democratic Values
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Kearl, Benjamin Kelsey – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
In this essay, the author analyzes two theoretical perspectives--incorporation and abjection--that inform official knowledge generally and high school American history textbooks specifically. While contemporary textbooks increasingly depict the experiences of historically marginalized groups such as women, African Americans, Latinos, American…
Descriptors: United States History, Epistemology, Validity, Textbooks
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Haymes, Stephen Nathan – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
This paper considers phenomenology as a philosophical framework from which to understand the moral experience of collective memory. As a philosophical approach to human reality, phenomenology contributes insight into the connection between the experiential grounding of collective memory and the reality of the social world. The inspiration for…
Descriptors: Memory, Indigenous Populations, Foreign Countries, Phenomenology
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Loving, Gregory D. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
The discussion participants follow Aristotle in deciding that friends are concerned with each other's welfare for their own sake and cannot be reduced to utility or pleasure, adding that the contemporary notion of friends involves the notion of equal overall power. They find three difficulties with teachers and students being friends. First,…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Intimacy, Friendship, Teaching Methods
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Burch, Kerry – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
This essay was conceived as an experiment that was brought about by an unpredictable set of circumstances. The author found himself being challenged by a student within his classroom to go on what the student called a "vision-quest." He accepted the challenge. This essay presents an account of both this experience and his attempt to impose…
Descriptors: Intellectual History, Educational Philosophy, Reflection, Undergraduate Study
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Ayers, William – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
In this article, William Ayers constructs his Phil Smith Lecture as a call to action. Grounded in democratic principles of equality and social justice, the author invokes a liberal conception of human worth and the universal right to educational opportunity. The author critiques the passivity of the American polity in the face of Barack Obama's…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Privatization, Singing, Democracy
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Currie-Knight, Kevin – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Thomas Huxley (1852-1895) had different, but substantial, effects on the history of education. Rousseau's educational theories supplied the intellectual foundation for pedagogical progressivism. Huxley's educational writings helped to enlarge the scope of the British curriculum to include such things as…
Descriptors: Educational Theories, Educational History, Vocational Education, Nature Nurture Controversy
Watras, Joseph – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
In this comparative essay, the author discusses the opposing educational theories of John Dewey and Gregory Bateson. While Dewey believed that the scientific method was the dominant method of solving problems and thereby acquiring knowledge that mattered, Bateson warned that this one-sided approach would lead to actions that could destroy the…
Descriptors: Social Problems, Educational Theories, Scientific Methodology, Ecology
Scalia, Joseph, III; Scalia, Lynne – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
In this essay, the authors propose that there are certain psychoanalytic insights, at the intersection of the clinical and of critical social theory, which become crucial at precisely the point of recognizing the hidden curriculum. They contend that it is at this point that a political actor, and an educator or educational theorist interested in…
Descriptors: Hidden Curriculum, Poverty, Educational Policy, Social Theories
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Beckett, Kelvin – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
In this article, the author addresses a problem that first occurred to him almost 40 years ago. Having finally arrived at a possible solution, he would like to share it with others. The issue was raised by John Dewey and taken up again by Richard Peters and Paulo Freire. It was not their main concern, however; nor has it been a major concern of…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Theories, Student Diversity
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