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Nikolaidis, A. C. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2018
An important and yet unresolved question has concerned the educational community for generations: what is the role of student agency and how do educators take it into account? Traditionalists claim that students are incapable of true agency, not knowing where their interests lie yet, while progressivists argue that the students are the most…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Student Interests, Educational Philosophy, Guidelines
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Gary, Kevin – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2018
Sociologist Zygmunt Bauman characterizes this era as a time of "liquid modernity." Rather than settled meanings, categories, and frames of reference, Bauman contends that meaning is always in flux, open-ended rather than closed. This flux is in large part driven and exacerbated by a culture of consumerism. This phenomenology of the…
Descriptors: Presidents, Consumer Economics, Phenomenology, Educational Philosophy
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Mamlok, Dan – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2016
The concept of freedom is one of the key ideas in political philosophy. In a liberal society one can do, live, and like whatever he/she pleases, but at the same time there are certain constraints on the individual that balance between one's desires and the common good. In this paper, the author examines the notion of freedom in the age of digital…
Descriptors: Freedom, Philosophy, Political Attitudes, Social Responsibility
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DeCesare, Tony – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2016
One of Amy Gutmann's important achievements in "Democratic Education" is her development of a "democratic interpretation of equal educational opportunity." This standard of equality demands that "all educable children learn enough to participate effectively in the democratic process." In other words, Gutmann demands…
Descriptors: Democratic Values, Elementary Education, Role of Education, Equal Education
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Heybach, Jessica A. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2014
Who is keeping watch to warn when policies and practices become essentially the same as those used in previous eras to justify the destruction of human beings? This question is asked by author Jessica Heybach, as she describes the etymological roots of the word "neutrality," the social function of teacher as neutral, and its relationship…
Descriptors: Ambiguity (Semantics), Educational Philosophy, Comparative Analysis, Ethics
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Dillon, Katrina – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2014
In this paper, the author contends that the ability to create a political realm is dependent upon one's state of freedom. She questions what it means to be free and whether assumptions of the definitions of this concept are always good or beneficial. After discussing some of the known theories about freedom, she states that schools are some…
Descriptors: Freedom, Educational Philosophy, Educational Change, Politics
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Bull, Barry L. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2012
In light of the importance and the potential danger of education during childhood for politically liberal societies, the author has devoted much of his professional career to thinking about and formulating the moral principles that should govern such a society's educational institutions. However, this task cannot be accomplished for all such…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Freedom, Social Justice, Political Attitudes
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Ayers, William – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
In this article, William Ayers constructs his Phil Smith Lecture as a call to action. Grounded in democratic principles of equality and social justice, the author invokes a liberal conception of human worth and the universal right to educational opportunity. The author critiques the passivity of the American polity in the face of Barack Obama's…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Privatization, Singing, Democracy
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Fitch, Frank – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2010
John Dewey defines democracy as a form of associated living "in which the interests of a group are shared by all its members, and the fullness and freedom with which it interacts with other groups." Few would argue that people with disabilities have been among the most excluded, the least able to share in the fullness and freedom of "associated…
Descriptors: Public Education, Progressive Education, Inclusive Schools, Disabilities
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Fraser-Burgess, Sheron – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2010
The growing diversity of school populations in the present education milieu raises issues of treating difference along multiple lines of the social, political and economic well being of children. Difference is here defined as politically significant group identities to which the author refers as cultures or identity groups. Political liberal…
Descriptors: Political Attitudes, Democracy, Well Being, Educational Philosophy
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Warnick, Brian R. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2008
In this article, the author examines the "educational methods" employed in the chattel slavery of the antebellum American South. He limits the voluminous possibilities of historical sources by looking to Douglass's "Narrative of the Life" (first published in 1845) to supply most of the historical data. In addition to laying out…
Descriptors: Freedom, Disadvantaged, Slavery, Teaching Methods
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Logue, Jennifer – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2008
John Dewey's pragmatism and progressive education sought to nourish the democratic principles of critical thinking and collective social action, which he saw as central to democracy and threatened by what J├╝rgen Habermas would call the rise of "instrumental rationality." Dewey was concerned that traditional approaches to education…
Descriptors: Freedom, Intervention, Teaching Methods, Citizenship
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Covaleskie, John F. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2006
In this article, John F. Covaleskie considers a threefold question: (1) what is the nature of the sort of liberty that enables one to live as a free person, but also bound by the requirements of democratic citizenship; (2) what is the nature of the virtues that make this sort of person possible; and (3) what is the nature of the educational…
Descriptors: Freedom, Discipline, Democratic Values, Values Education
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Jackson, Liz – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2006
Those who view the right to a religiously neutral, empirically-based public education as fundamental have been able to do little more than watch in terror as abstinence-only sex education, which excludes information on either safe sex or birth control, has come to prevail in United States (US) schools. Among causes for concern are abstinence…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Sex Education, Contraception, Adolescents