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Beckett, Kelvin S. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2019
Following the pioneering work of Randy Garrison and colleagues, online teachers in the US and internationally see their discussion boards as communities of inquiry (CoI) which promote sustained communication and higher-level learning. The CoI approach to online discussions is based on John Dewey's conception of education in which teachers and…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Educational Philosophy, Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Eastman, Nicholas J. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2016
Every public school teacher today is charged, above all else, with a utilitarian form of workforce preparation: college and career readiness. The distinction between college and career is superficial. The overarching goal of both is career readiness, and STEM careers are the darlings of the "readiness" discourse. Within the STEM reform…
Descriptors: Dropouts, At Risk Students, STEM Education, Career Readiness
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Fraser-Burgess, Sheron; Rodgers, Keri L. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2015
If a teacher instructs with greater attention to improving students' performance in order to protect her employment rather than solely to advance knowledge or character, is she acting immorally? This question has historical roots in Socrates's famed animosity toward the sophists. Socrates maintained that sophistic teaching was immoral because the…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Accountability, Educational Philosophy, Teaching Methods
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Fitzgerald, Robert – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2015
The funding of public education in many states, especially Illinois, is characterized by inequity. The reality is that students across the state are subject to a disparity in fiscal resources between those attending schools in the wealthiest and poorest districts. The cause of this dilemma is threefold. First, Illinois has a school finance scheme…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Taxes, Educational Finance, Public Education
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Rodgers, Keri – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2014
The small school movement originated in the democratic ideology of Deborah Meier, who sought to create schools that gave students, parents, teachers, and all stakeholders in the communities they served a voice in education. In New York City, Meier's vision was implemented haphazardly by a group of business and political elites able to pour…
Descriptors: Small Schools, Educational Philosophy, Educational Finance, Social Action
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Mayo, Cris – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2013
This article examines the kind of space formed by philosophical discussion of education with lower-income, adult learners making their way back to structured education amidst work and life responsibilities. It explores two new social contexts that define this experience of return to education. The first is the sociability of philosophical…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Low Income, Adult Students, Adult Learning
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Chennault, Ronald E. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2013
The author of this article asserts that African-American author and educator Booker T. Washington's work situates him within the educational traditions of pragmatism and progressivism. The article uncovers some of Washington's hidden complexity by drawing upon and extending arguments for labeling him both an educational pragmatist and…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Educational Philosophy, Progressive Education, African American Education
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Currie-Knight, Kevin – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2011
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Thomas Huxley (1852-1895) had different, but substantial, effects on the history of education. Rousseau's educational theories supplied the intellectual foundation for pedagogical progressivism. Huxley's educational writings helped to enlarge the scope of the British curriculum to include such things as…
Descriptors: Educational Theories, Educational History, Vocational Education, Nature Nurture Controversy
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Johnson, Benjamin Ashby – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2010
Corporate business practices among leaders of higher education have increasingly come under fire during the last two decades. Questions of university leadership, however, particularly corporate practices, go back at least to the early twentieth century. This paper contrasts the views of Thorstein Veblen and Charles W. Eliot, two prominent early…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Governance, Ethics, Leadership
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Osgood, Robert L. – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2010
The year was 1909. The United States was in the throes of tremendous social and institutional changes: a rapidly diversifying population, dramatic shifts in political and economic structures, the rise of Progressivism as a paradigm for social reform and social control, and the intense and often grating sounds of a public education system really…
Descriptors: Educational History, United States History, Public Education, Social Change
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Watras, Joseph – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2009
When Ellen Condliffe Lagemann described what she called the troubling history of education research, she claimed that, in the early years of the twentieth century, Edward Lee Thorndike's narrow model of science replaced John Dewey's more open ideas. According to Lagemann, sexism was an important reason for Thorndike's triumph. In describing the…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Democracy, Educational History, School Administration
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Logue, Jennifer – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2008
John Dewey's pragmatism and progressive education sought to nourish the democratic principles of critical thinking and collective social action, which he saw as central to democracy and threatened by what J├╝rgen Habermas would call the rise of "instrumental rationality." Dewey was concerned that traditional approaches to education…
Descriptors: Freedom, Intervention, Teaching Methods, Citizenship
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Bonnick, Lemah – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2007
The most influential accounts of Anna Julia Cooper's work have tended to focus on the question of women's equality. In this respect Mary Helen Washington credits Cooper with providing an "embryonic feminist analysis" in the 1890s. The focus of the author is on her understanding of educational matters, which should be seen as a powerful…
Descriptors: Profiles, Feminism, Females, Social Justice
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Osgood, Robert – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2006
For the past 150 years public schools in the United States have, in one form or another, tried to address the presence of children in classrooms whose cognitive, behavioral or physical characteristics have been deemed sufficiently problematic to merit a "special" education. Current federal law identifies thirteen categories of…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Special Education, Educational Development, Educational History
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Jackson, Liz – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2006
Those who view the right to a religiously neutral, empirically-based public education as fundamental have been able to do little more than watch in terror as abstinence-only sex education, which excludes information on either safe sex or birth control, has come to prevail in United States (US) schools. Among causes for concern are abstinence…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Sex Education, Contraception, Adolescents