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Nieminen, Marjo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This paper focuses on teachers' written memories of Finland's comprehensive school reform in the 1970s and examines teachers' reminiscences of this major change, when elementary (primary) schools and lower secondary (grammar) schools were transformed into comprehensive schools, thereby guaranteeing nine-year basic education with a unified…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes
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Hamre, Bjørn; Axelsson, Thom; Ludvigsen, Kari – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This article explores the role of psychiatry in the sorting of schoolchildren in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from 1920 to 1950. Whereas the role and rise of educational psychology and IQ-testing in the differentiation processes in schooling have been examined through earlier research, the role of psychiatry in the interprofessional collaboration…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospitals, Educational Psychology, Intelligence Tests
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Yoshii, Ryo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This study focuses on J. E. Wallace Wallin, who recognised the rights of children with disabilities to receive an education, and who tackled the scientific classification of children and the provision of special classes in the state of Delaware from the 1930s to the middle of the 1940s. This study intends to clarify how Wallin recognised and…
Descriptors: Classification, Learning Problems, Special Education, Civil Rights
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Debè, Anna; Polenghi, Simonetta – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the early decades of the twentieth century the question of mental disabilities was widely discussed in Italy, while the first special schools for the intellectually impaired were set up. An important role was played by the Franciscan friar Agostino Gemelli (1878-1959), a physician, renowned psychologist, and founder in 1921 of the Catholic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Disorders, Intellectual Disability, Neurological Impairments
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Bianchini, Paolo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a number of Italian psychiatrists were convinced that medicine and education should work together to treat children with mental disabilities, then commonly defined as "feeble-minded". To this end they promoted the establishment of "Medico-Pedagogical Institutes", institutes,…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Psychiatric Hospitals
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Milewski, Patrice; Ydesen, Christian; Andreasen, Karen E. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This article compares and contrasts the use of mental testing and the formation of educational streaming in Denmark and Ontario during the interwar years. In this sense, the article adds nuances to the meaning of internationalism as well as contributing to our knowledge about how ideas of testing practices circulated among countries and…
Descriptors: Barriers, Foreign Countries, International Education, Correlation
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Gomez Rodriguez, Amparo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This article explores the political, religious, and ideological backdrop to psychology and pedagogy under Franco's dictatorship. To this end, it analyses the important research carried out between 1940 and 1944 by the psychologist and pedagogue José J. Jover y Piquer into the intelligence, mentality, and moral judgement of a large number of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Teaching Methods, Ideology, Criticism
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Ryan, Ann Marie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the early twentieth century in the United States, Roman Catholic schools grew in number and became increasingly regulated by state departments of education. This led to the increased influence of public school reform movements in Catholic schools. Some Catholic educators questioned these movements, while others embraced them. Educational…
Descriptors: Catholics, Women Faculty, Catholic Educators, Beliefs
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Depaepe, Marc – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
Research into the history of colonial education in Congo has shown that, for a long time, it was dominated by the idea of gradual development of the masses. Here, the problem of selecting an intellectual elite hardly arose. It was only in the 1950s that a growing number of voices began to clamour for the Congolese to be permitted to study in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Racial Discrimination, Psychological Testing
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Canales, Antonio Fco. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This paper analyses the approach to experimental pedagogy adopted by the new Spanish pedagogy which arose after Franco's victory in the Spanish Civil War. To this end, it first outlines the spiritualist and anti-scientific approaches which prevailed in the new pedagogy of the postwar era, before charting the survival, lying beneath this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Experimental Teaching, Educational History, Religious Factors
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Rabazas Romero, Teresa; Ramos Zamora, Sara; Sanz Simón, Carlos – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the framework of European educational convergence, university teaching must respond to the new challenges posed by the European System of Transfer Credits (ECTS) while encouraging improvement and innovation in didactical aspects of formation. In Spain, the field of the History of Education has assumed an active role in the advancement of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Instructional Innovation, College Transfer Students, College Credits
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Topij-Stempinska, Beata – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
The Scientific and Educational Department of the Jesuit Fathers in Khyriv (Zaklad Naukowo-Wychowawczy OO. Jezuitów w Chyrowie) existed for 53 years (1886-1939). Over 6,000 students studied in this elite male school. The alumni of the secondary school belonged to the elite of Polish society. There were among them people from different walks of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Catholic Schools, Males, Selective Admission
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Grosvenor, Ian – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
The quote in the title of this paper is taken from the first line of Marc Depaepe's article "An Agenda for the History of Colonial Education", published in "The Colonial Experience in Education" (Ghent, 1995). This presentation takes as its focus the informal learning space of the museum and the art gallery, and the emergence…
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Policy, Informal Education, Museums
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Fernandez, Sandra Rita – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the early 1940s Olga Cossettini, an Argentine teacher, received missives from several representatives of the cultural and educational world of the Americas. The event that allowed Cossettini's international relevance was the school artwork exhibition that took place in November 1939 in the Castagnino museum in the city of Rosario (Argentina).…
Descriptors: Educational History, Art, Exhibits, Museums
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Nishida, Yukiyo – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
This study examines how origami has been implemented, practised, and developed in the early childhood education of Japan over the past 140 years. Historically speaking, paper-folding has been part of Japanese symbolic art, craft culture, and religious ceremonial artefacts since paper and paper-folding techniques were first imported from China…
Descriptors: Art Activities, Educational Philosophy, Handicrafts, Asian Culture
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