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Winter, Laura Anne – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Relational equality is broadly understood to be about relating to others as moral equals. I consider three questions of relational equality as applied to education: what, how, and why? Relational equality is important on a macro (societal) level, a meso (school) level structuring of relationships, and a micro (interpersonal relationships) level. I…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Interpersonal Relationship, Moral Values, Empathy
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Tan, Charlene – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper compares the educational thought of Paulo Freire and Confucius on what it means to be more fully human. Both Freire and Confucius object to the dehumanisation of human beings through the banking concept of education and other oppressive practices. They argue for the ontological vocation of becoming more fully human through humanisation…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Humanism
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Bokhove, Christian; Downey, Christopher – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
In England teachers of secondary school mathematics and science are in short supply and it is important to understand how pre-service teachers develop and maintain networks of support during their training year and the impact these networks can have on their training outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine how changes to the size and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Science
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Jones, J. Howard M. – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
With reference to a village in a predominantly tribal part of Rajasthan, this paper illustrates the increasing heterogeneity of the rural educational landscape and examines different patterns of enrolment within this. While the findings confirm those of more macro-level studies using the four official social categories, intra-category differences…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Power Structure, Enrollment, Public Schools
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He, Qingping; Stockford, Ian; Meadows, Michelle – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Results from Rasch analysis of GCSE and GCE A level data over a period of four years suggest that the standards of examinations in different subjects are not consistent in terms of the levels of the latent trait specified in the Rasch model required to achieve the same grades. Variability in statistical standards between subjects exists at both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Exit Examinations, Intellectual Disciplines, Item Response Theory
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Huisman, Jeroen; Mampaey, Jelle – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
In higher education research, theoretical approaches stressing isomorphism dominate the discourse on how higher education institutions 'behave' in their higher education and research systems. We argue that research should address both instances of similarity and differences. Using theoretical notions from institutionalism and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Qualitative Research, Content Analysis
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Hayden, Mary; McIntosh, Shona – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Academic outcomes of post-16 education can be understood in terms of their value for gaining access to university and, at a time when global educational mobility is growing, internationally recognised university entrance qualifications may be considered a form of personal capital. However, narrowly measured outcomes may not reflect the breadth of…
Descriptors: International Education, Creativity, Experiential Learning, Transformative Learning
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Mintz, Avi I. – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Educators and educational theorists frequently employ a gardening metaphor to capture several child-centred principles about teaching and children, i.e. teachers must respect a child's unique interests and abilities, recognise what is developmentally appropriate for students, and resist pursuing a narrow set of outcomes. Historically, however,…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Educational Theories, Educational Principles, Teaching Methods
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Allen, Rebecca; Sims, Sam – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Gaps between the educational attainment of pupils from higher and lower income families are widespread and persistent. Teacher quality is amongst the most important school-based determinants of pupil attainment, making the allocation of teachers to pupils a potentially important reason for this attainment gap. We use a range of well-evidenced…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Low Income Students, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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Baum, Donald R.; Abdul-Hamid, Husein; Wesley, Hugo T. – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Using data from a census of private schools in one of Lagos, Nigeria's administrative jurisdictions, this paper explores the linkages between a heterogeneous sector of private schools and issues of school access, affordability, quality, and ultimately social mobility for households at the bottom of the income distribution. Although a large private…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Private Schools, Foreign Countries
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Jerrim, John; Micklewright, John; Heine, Jorg-Henrik; Salzer, Christine; McKeown, Caroline – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an important cross-national study of 15-year-olds' academic knowledge and skills. Educationalists and public policymakers eagerly await the tri-annual results, with particular interest in whether their country has moved up or slid down the international rankings, as compared to earlier…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Hajar, Anas – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
While quantitative research on the nature and extent of private tutoring in England is increasingly available, very limited evidence exists regarding pupils' voices in evaluating their participation in private tutoring. Thus, the present qualitative study seeks to investigate the perceptions of 14 Year 6 pupils from three primary schools in East…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Student Attitudes, Parent Aspiration, Focus Groups
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Dilnot, Catherine – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
English students from less privileged backgrounds and state, rather than private, schools remain significantly under-represented at high-status universities. There has been little work to date on the role of A-level subject choice, as opposed to attainment, in access to university. Using linked administrative data for three recent cohorts of…
Descriptors: Taxonomy, College Entrance Examinations, Exit Examinations, High School Graduates
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Moulton, Vanessa; Sullivan, Alice; Henderson, Morag; Anders, Jake – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper considers whether subject choice at 14-16 influences post-16 transitions, taking into account prior academic attainment and school characteristics, and if so, whether this accounts for socioeconomic, gender, and ethnic differences in access to post-16 education. We consider post-16 progression to full-time education, A-levels, and…
Descriptors: Course Selection (Students), Prior Learning, Educational Attainment, Institutional Characteristics
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Anders, Jake; Henderson, Morag; Moulton, Vanessa; Sullivan, Alice – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The subjects that young people study from age 14 onwards may have important consequences for their future academic and labour market outcomes. These decisions are shaped by the schools in which they find themselves. Schools also face constraints of their own. This paper explores the extent to which individuals' decisions are affected by the school…
Descriptors: School Role, Academic Advising, School Statistics, Student Records
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