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Dennison, W. F. – Oxford Review of Education, 1983
As secondary school enrollment declines in Great Britain in the 1980s, local education authorities will face problems in deciding which schools and/or programs to cut. School districts must recognize that, whether they like it or not, parents will have an increasing impact on decision making. (IS)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Board of Education Role, Comparative Education, Declining Enrollment
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Kang, Hee-Chun – Oxford Review of Education, 1983
The history of access to secondary education and movements toward sexual equality in education in Great Britain between World Wars I and II are covered. The major questions raised in this period were: "Who is capable of, or eligible for, secondary education?" and "What secondary education system is most desirable?" (IS)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Admission (School), Comparative Education, Educational Change
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Marks, John; Cox, Caroline – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
Great Britain's changeover to comprehensive schools has been called one of its most significant developments in secondary education. A description and comparison of four studies which evaluated secondary students' academic performance under this comprehensive system shows that there is an overriding need for more and better information concerning…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Needs
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Fogelman, Ken – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
Three British studies recently compared the examination results of pupils from comprehensive schools with those of selective schools. Each study reached somewhat contrasting conclusions. Major differences among the studies are discussed in order to clarify reasons for the contrasting interpretations and to illustrate the major difficulties in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Research
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Gray, John; And Others – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
An analysis of data showed that British students in local education authorities which have retained selection to a greater or lesser extent did not achieve better examination results than students in those authorities which have gone fully comprehensive. (RM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Admission Criteria, Comparative Education, Educational Assessment
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Goldstein, Harvey – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
Discussed are the assumptions which underpin research studies of the effects of pupil, school, and local education authority characteristics on student achievement in Great Britain. The purpose is to clarify the necessary limitations on knowledge imposed by various research methods and to suggest how these might be improved. (RM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Assessment
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Denton, Cliff; Postlethwaite, Keith – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
Although British teachers of English, French, physics, and mathematics were somewhat successful in identifying students with high subject-specific ability, inappropriate influences were at work in coloring their judgment. These influences, however, were not so strong as to lead to gross misjudgment. (RM)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Comparative Education, Educational Research, English Instruction
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Heath, Anthony – Oxford Review of Education, 1984
British comprehensive schools have been criticized by the left for failing to provide equality for everyone and by the right for sacrificing academic standards for equality. Such simultaneous criticisms suggest that the schools have been assigned either impossible or contradictory objectives, but have managed to achieve a reasonable compromise.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Objectives
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Payne, Joan – Oxford Review of Education, 1985
The history of the youth labor market in Great Britain between 1974 and 1981 is one of irony: the incongruity of an increasingly well-qualified youth set against growing unemployment and a progressive loss of opportunities for skilled work. Work qualifications are increasingly important, but the number of jobs has shrunk. (RM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Background, Employment Qualifications, Foreign Countries
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Edwards, Tony; Whitty, Geoff – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Provides an overview of recent British educational policy regarding "specialization" (school choice given to parents) and "selection" (student placement by ability or interest, controlled by the school). Specifically discusses the Assisted Places Scheme, a program granting need- and ability-based scholarships to academically…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance
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Fitz, John; Halpin, David; Power, Sally – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Considers the extent to which grant-maintained schools (state-supported but self-governing) in Britain have contributed to the diversification of the system. Argues that the private schools have yet to provide programs that are innovative or ground breaking. Includes excerpts from interviews with nine grant-maintained school headmasters. (MJP)
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance
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Walford, Geoffrey – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Discusses the introduction and implementation of the 1988 Education Reform Act for England and Wales. Traces the attempts of several existing private schools to become grant maintained (eligible for various forms of government support). Most private and faith-based schools have not been successful in this endeavor. Discusses the reasons for this.…
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation
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Chitty, Clyde – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Discusses the blurring of boundaries between state and private education system that has occurred since 1979 in Britain. Notes that the system has always maintained degrees of support for private and state-supported education. Investigates the social and political influences involved in the implementation of school vouchers and the 1988…
Descriptors: Conservatism, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Equity (Finance)
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Tomlinson, Sally – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Examines some of the effects of the creation of an educational market, based on parental school choice, on ethnic minority students. Argues that the new market framework which encourages separation and competition has begun to affect the education of minority students in mostly negative ways. (MJP)
Descriptors: Competition, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance
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David, Miriam – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Argues that much of the recent scholarship on school choice, marketization, and diversity has ignored issues of gender. Provides an overview of several recent studies examining gender issues and parents' perspectives on school choice. Maintains that gender is a significant, if often, contradictory factor in these decisions. (MJP)
Descriptors: Diversity (Student), Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Policy
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