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Edwards, Tony; Whitty, Geoff – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Provides an overview of recent British educational policy regarding "specialization" (school choice given to parents) and "selection" (student placement by ability or interest, controlled by the school). Specifically discusses the Assisted Places Scheme, a program granting need- and ability-based scholarships to academically…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance
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Fitz, John; Halpin, David; Power, Sally – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Considers the extent to which grant-maintained schools (state-supported but self-governing) in Britain have contributed to the diversification of the system. Argues that the private schools have yet to provide programs that are innovative or ground breaking. Includes excerpts from interviews with nine grant-maintained school headmasters. (MJP)
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance
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Walford, Geoffrey – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Discusses the introduction and implementation of the 1988 Education Reform Act for England and Wales. Traces the attempts of several existing private schools to become grant maintained (eligible for various forms of government support). Most private and faith-based schools have not been successful in this endeavor. Discusses the reasons for this.…
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation
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Chitty, Clyde – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Discusses the blurring of boundaries between state and private education system that has occurred since 1979 in Britain. Notes that the system has always maintained degrees of support for private and state-supported education. Investigates the social and political influences involved in the implementation of school vouchers and the 1988…
Descriptors: Conservatism, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Equity (Finance)
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Tomlinson, Sally – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Examines some of the effects of the creation of an educational market, based on parental school choice, on ethnic minority students. Argues that the new market framework which encourages separation and competition has begun to affect the education of minority students in mostly negative ways. (MJP)
Descriptors: Competition, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Administration, Educational Finance
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David, Miriam – Oxford Review of Education, 1997
Argues that much of the recent scholarship on school choice, marketization, and diversity has ignored issues of gender. Provides an overview of several recent studies examining gender issues and parents' perspectives on school choice. Maintains that gender is a significant, if often, contradictory factor in these decisions. (MJP)
Descriptors: Diversity (Student), Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Policy
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Halsey, A. H. – Oxford Review of Education, 1993
Compares access to higher education in Great Britain with other nations in Europe, in North America, and Australia. Concludes that Britain is behind Germany and Sweden but continues to make progress. Includes a table comparing college graduation rates in 20 nations. (CFR)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational Discrimination
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Goldstein, Harvey – Oxford Review of Education, 1993
Reviews educational research on social class, gender, and ethnic bias. Argues that constructing assessment instruments is a complex task, involving social and political assumptions as well as technical expertise. Calls for additional research on the impact of assessment on self-esteem and other issues related to test bias. (CFR)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Research, Educational Testing, Equal Education
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Egerton, Muriel; Halsey, A. H. – Oxford Review of Education, 1993
Contends that there have been three significant points in the history of access to higher education in Great Britain since 1900. Describes these points: (1) a period of considerable expansion of enrollment; (2) little diminution in relative social class inequality; and (3) a significant diminution in gender equality. (CFR)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational History
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Jackson, Sonia – Oxford Review of Education, 1994
Asserts that, among the many disadvantages suffered by children cared for by public agencies, low educational achievement has the most serious consequences for their future life chances. Reports that research findings on young people previously in care confirm that education is crucially important for the quality of their adult life. (CFR)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Child Caregivers, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
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Colton, Matthew; Heath, Anthony – Oxford Review of Education, 1994
Reports on a longitudinal study about the educational progress and behavior of 49 children in long-term foster care and a comparison group of children receiving social work support while remaining with their birth families. Finds that the children in foster care showed lower academic achievement and more behavioral problems. (CFR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Behavior Problems, Child Caregivers
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Walker, T. G. – Oxford Review of Education, 1994
Maintains that the education of children who are cared for by public agencies is now a national issue. Describes the work of the Manchester Teaching Service (England), which has been at the forefront of national development and change. Concludes with a case study that illustrates the philosophy and purpose of the agency. (CFR)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Elementary Secondary Education, Family (Sociological Unit), Foreign Countries
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Stein, Mike – Oxford Review of Education, 1994
Explores the career trajectories of young people (16-19 years) in Great Britain cared for by local social service agencies. Examines four areas: (1) educational attainment, (2) student perceptions, (3) further education, and (4) factors associated with career trajectories. Includes recommendations for public policy and practices. (CFR)
Descriptors: Career Development, Child Caregivers, Educational Attainment, Foreign Countries
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Halls, W. D. – Oxford Review of Education, 1985
The prime aim of the university should not be to promote national economic ends. The university should be an instrument of culture with general civilizing purposes. University autonomy in Great Britain is being threatened by the state. The proper relation between the university and government is an arm's length one. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Administration, Educational Objectives
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Gellert, Claudius – Oxford Review of Education, 1985
How financial restrictions and conservative policies have affected the quality and the functioning of higher education in England and West Germany is analyzed. Also discussed is how in both countries the institutional dependency on the state has increased or is being enlarged through changes in the politics of higher education. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Administration, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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