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Hansen, Kirstine; Henderson, Morag – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
Gaps in GCSE attainment have long been the concern of policy makers, academics, and social commentators, largely due to the importance of these exams for setting children on their future academic and career pathways. In the past a wide range of factors relating to the pupils, their families, and their schools have been found to account for…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education
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Jeffrey, Ricky – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
Previous research suggests that knowledge in different subjects varies in terms of objectivity and 'granularity' (division of knowledge content into smaller chunks). It has also been suggested that subject objectivity and granularity vary across different educational systems, due to resource differences. This study measures knowledge objectivity…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Disciplines, Exit Examinations
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Burgess, Simon; Greaves, Ellen; Vignoles, Anna – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
We study school choice in England using a new dataset containing the choices of all parents seeking a school place in state secondary schools. We provide new empirical evidence to inform how the school choice market functions, including the number of choices made, whether the nearest school is the first choice and the probability of an offer from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Choice, Equal Education, Admission (School)
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Davies, Peter; Ercolani, Marco G. – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
We present an analysis of A-level subject choices at around age 16 for a cohort of students in English schools who completed their studies in 2014. We examined both the National Pupil Database and a unique rich dataset on the subject preferences and subsequent choices between the ages of 16 and 18 (i.e. GCSE and A-level). We found substantive…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Course Selection (Students), Advanced Courses, Secondary School Students
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Hall, James; Sammons, Pam; Smees, Rebecca; Sylva, Kathy; Evangelou, Maria; Goff, Jenny; Smith, Teresa; Smith, George – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
UK Sure Start Children's Centres (SSCCs) aim to lessen behavioural disorders yet we lack evidence concerning how this is achieved. This study evaluates one possible mechanism: improved home learning environments (HLEs). Data come from a longitudinal study of 2568 families and children recruited at a mean age of 14 months from 117 SSCCs in England…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Intervention, Behavior Disorders, Family Environment
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Sebba, Judy; Berridge, David – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
In England, 'Virtual Schools' oversee and support the educational progress of children in care. This paper reports on the analysis of 16 interviews with Virtual School headteachers that were part of two mixed methods research projects on the educational progress of children in care. These interviews explored their role; the types of support they…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Foster Care, Principals, Virtual Classrooms
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Ott, Eleanor; O'Higgins, Aoife – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
The right to education for all children, including asylum-seeking children, is enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, there is little research available to describe the educational provision provided to unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) in England. Crucially, it is not known whether the educational needs are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Rights, Access to Education, Refugees
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Sinclair, Ian; Luke, Nikki; Berridge, David – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
By age 16 the attainment of most children in or on the edge of out of home care has fallen well behind the average for their age. This paper uses the English National Pupil Database to examine how much of this falling behind occurs before the age of seven, and how any subsequent decline relates to time in care as against time outside it. We…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Foster Care, Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education
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Belas, Oli – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This article aims to introduce Ernst Cassirer, and his philosophy of symbolic form, to education studies, and, in doing so, to challenge the widespread but deeply flawed views of knowledge and so-called knowledge-based education that have shaped recent education policy in England. After sketching the current educational landscape, and then some of…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis
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Bokhove, Christian; Downey, Christopher – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
In England teachers of secondary school mathematics and science are in short supply and it is important to understand how pre-service teachers develop and maintain networks of support during their training year and the impact these networks can have on their training outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine how changes to the size and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Science
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He, Qingping; Stockford, Ian; Meadows, Michelle – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Results from Rasch analysis of GCSE and GCE A level data over a period of four years suggest that the standards of examinations in different subjects are not consistent in terms of the levels of the latent trait specified in the Rasch model required to achieve the same grades. Variability in statistical standards between subjects exists at both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Exit Examinations, Intellectual Disciplines, Item Response Theory
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Allen, Rebecca; Sims, Sam – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
Gaps between the educational attainment of pupils from higher and lower income families are widespread and persistent. Teacher quality is amongst the most important school-based determinants of pupil attainment, making the allocation of teachers to pupils a potentially important reason for this attainment gap. We use a range of well-evidenced…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Low Income Students, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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Hajar, Anas – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
While quantitative research on the nature and extent of private tutoring in England is increasingly available, very limited evidence exists regarding pupils' voices in evaluating their participation in private tutoring. Thus, the present qualitative study seeks to investigate the perceptions of 14 Year 6 pupils from three primary schools in East…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Student Attitudes, Parent Aspiration, Focus Groups
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Dilnot, Catherine – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
English students from less privileged backgrounds and state, rather than private, schools remain significantly under-represented at high-status universities. There has been little work to date on the role of A-level subject choice, as opposed to attainment, in access to university. Using linked administrative data for three recent cohorts of…
Descriptors: Taxonomy, College Entrance Examinations, Exit Examinations, High School Graduates
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Moulton, Vanessa; Sullivan, Alice; Henderson, Morag; Anders, Jake – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
This paper considers whether subject choice at 14-16 influences post-16 transitions, taking into account prior academic attainment and school characteristics, and if so, whether this accounts for socioeconomic, gender, and ethnic differences in access to post-16 education. We consider post-16 progression to full-time education, A-levels, and…
Descriptors: Course Selection (Students), Prior Learning, Educational Attainment, Institutional Characteristics
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