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Jeffrey, Ricky – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
Previous research suggests that knowledge in different subjects varies in terms of objectivity and 'granularity' (division of knowledge content into smaller chunks). It has also been suggested that subject objectivity and granularity vary across different educational systems, due to resource differences. This study measures knowledge objectivity…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Disciplines, Exit Examinations
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Rappleye, Jeremy; Komatsu, Hikaru – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
East Asian dominance in international large-scale assessments is widely known. This is often explained as an outcome of highly competitive, exam-oriented education systems in East Asia, wherein students partake in a fierce competition for limited college entrance. Although achievement scores may be comparatively higher, the argument goes, the…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Cross Cultural Studies, Competition, High Stakes Tests
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Dang, Que Anh – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has led the way in constructing the East Asian region with China, Japan, and South Korea, and an inter-regional entity with the European Union (EU)--known as the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM). The initial aims were security and trade. Recently, however, higher education has been brought into these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Geographic Regions, Regional Cooperation
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Ying, Qianwei; Fan, Yongmao; Luo, Danglun; Christensen, Tom – Oxford Review of Education, 2017
Scholars are aware that the higher education sector in China is highly affected by its administrative system, but the questions of how and to what extent the Chinese administrative system impacts academic resources allocation have yet to be answered. By examining the empirical data from 2003 to 2010 of China's National Excellent Doctoral…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, Universities, Administrative Organization, College Administration
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Lau, Tracy Chui-shan; Tse, Thomas Kwan-choi; Leung, Yan Wing – Oxford Review of Education, 2016
"Chinese" is an ambiguous term, depending on whether it is taken to describe a political, linguistic, or cultural entity. While the term has often been considered to represent a politically and culturally homogeneous national identity in recent decades, this article aims to challenge this notion by examining the characteristics and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nationalism, Educational Practices, Educational History
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Hannum, Emily; An, Xuehui; Cherng, Hua-Yu Sebastian – Oxford Review of Education, 2011
Despite the important role played by examinations in educational stratification and mobility in China, to our knowledge there is no literature in English that investigates the impact of exams on educational attainment with empirical data. We address this gap with an investigation of how examinations shape opportunities for children of the rural…
Descriptors: Economic Status, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Attainment, Tests
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Noah, Harold J.; Eckstein, Max A. – Oxford Review of Education, 1989
Reports on recent changes in examination policy and practice in China, England and Wales, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Japan, Sweden, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Identifies and discusses some significant trade-offs arising from the implementation of examination policy. Discusses four nearly universal dilemmas of…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, National Competency Tests
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Kerr, Clark – Oxford Review of Education, 1979
The author supports theories of the relationship between school and work expressed in Torsten Husen's book, "The School in Question." The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the education-work relationship in China and the United States, the Work in America Institute, and the National Academy of Education are…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs