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Khan, Muhammed Ali – ORTESOL Journal, 2019
The use of appropriate of words in writing, particularly frequently occurring four words combinations in academic register, is very important because it is an effective building block of academic text used by expert writers for effective communication. Yet teaching of four-word lexical bundles is rarely discussed in ESL writing textbooks. Recent…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Writing Instruction, Academic Language, Writing (Composition)
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Gavell, Mina – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
While the present perfect is difficult for English Language Learners (ELLs) to master, this study seeks to provide evidence of its integral pragmatic function in the social task of initiating and developing relationships. Through analysis of the Santa Barbara Corpus of Spoken American English, the frequency of the present perfect, the pragmatic…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Linguistics, Grammar, Morphemes
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Rice, Jennifer – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
After spending several years investigating the needs of non-native English speakers in undergraduate courses at a large public university, it became apparent to Jenifer Rice that one of the main challenges facing these students is speaking up during large lecture classes. In such classes, two specific speaking skills students need are (1) asking…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, English Language Learners, Skill Development, Reaction Time
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Randolph, Patrick T. – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
Of all the possible tools available to help out English language Learners (ELLs) acquire vocabulary, the use of emotions is one of the most powerful because "we are learning that emotions are the result of multiple brain and body systems that are distributed over the whole person". If we go one step further and connect emotions to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English Language Learners, Emotional Response, Memory
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Patton, Anne; Hirano, Eliana; Garrett, Anna Rose – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
Pen pal exchanges have been used for years to promote cross-cultural communication. In educational settings, pen pal projects have served additional purposes. One is providing English language learners (ELLs) with a safe but realistic context in which language skills can be practiced and learner motivation increased. This study investigates the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, English (Second Language), College Students, Education Majors
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Gaines, Isaac – ORTESOL Journal, 2015
Previous research has shown that ESL students' poor integration into their immersion environments can affect their academic success negatively, which called for structured support for such students. The current study investigated the efficacy of an IEP elective course that was designed to a) promote lower-level students' English use outside the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Language Proficiency, Language Usage, Self Esteem
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Mermelstein, Aaron David – ORTESOL Journal, 2015
For many ESL/EFL learners, reading is their main learning goal and may be the most important of the four language skills in the second language. For many ESL/EFL teachers, the issue of promoting proficient reading is important, and they look for additional or alternative methods to achieve this goal. However, when discussing reading as a primary…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), English Language Learners, Reading Skills, Student Placement
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Avila, Kena – ORTESOL Journal, 2015
Classroom teachers and English Language Learner (ELL) specialists are being called upon to collaborate in new ways in order to align new English Language Proficiency standards with new content standards. Instead of viewing language as a bridge to cross before accessing content, now language and content are being promoted as a partnership between…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, English Language Learners, Specialists
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Ciechanowski, Kathryn – ORTESOL Journal, 2013
The author collaborated with teachers and a English Language Learners (ELL) specialist at an elementary school that had a high percentage of ELLs, primarily from Spanish-speaking heritage, where teachers were in the early stages of exploring uses of English Language Proficiency (ELP) standards for English Language Development (ELD) (Oregon…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Spanish Speaking, Language Proficiency, Academic Standards