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Finn, Eileen – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
This article explores the cases for and against the inclusion of curriculum about swearing (which includes taboo words) as a part of an Adult ESL course. The function and prevalence of swearing are discussed, including the level of exposure students face. Taboo language makes up 4% to 13% of typical daily language use (F├Ągersten, 2012; Winters…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Adult Education, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Gaines, Isaac – ORTESOL Journal, 2015
Previous research has shown that ESL students' poor integration into their immersion environments can affect their academic success negatively, which called for structured support for such students. The current study investigated the efficacy of an IEP elective course that was designed to a) promote lower-level students' English use outside the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Language Proficiency, Language Usage, Self Esteem
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Johnston, Catherine – ORTESOL Journal, 2013
Teaching reading to low-level English as a Second Language (ESL) students can be a challenge, according to the author. At times, teachers are teaching adult students to read in English when some in class are not literate in their first language. In such a situation, they are not mapping a sound-symbol correspondence onto a known oral language, as…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Achievement, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning