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Khan, Muhammed Ali – ORTESOL Journal, 2019
The use of appropriate of words in writing, particularly frequently occurring four words combinations in academic register, is very important because it is an effective building block of academic text used by expert writers for effective communication. Yet teaching of four-word lexical bundles is rarely discussed in ESL writing textbooks. Recent…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Writing Instruction, Academic Language, Writing (Composition)
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Schulze, Joshua M.; Cáceda, Carmen – ORTESOL Journal, 2019
This article shares insights developed by two US-based professors as they co-taught an introductory ESOL education course within a teacher education program at a major Chinese university. Namely, the authors discuss how their perspectives on curriculum and instruction for Chinese pre-service teachers were enriched by their experience teaching in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Education Programs, Introductory Courses, English (Second Language)
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Sheppard, Beth – ORTESOL Journal, 2019
In this research note, the author checks for correlations between different dimensions in an analytic rubric used for scoring discussion performance. Highly correlated dimensions can be cause for concern that the different aspects of performance are not well defined or not adequately observed. The author's analysis showed some weak to moderate…
Descriptors: Scoring Rubrics, Correlation, Bias, Student Evaluation
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Kellem, Kunie; Halvorsen, Andy – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
ESL/EFL teachers can face several challenges when it comes to a focus on language forms in the classroom. How should teachers integrate the instruction of structural language forms with meaning-based activities? How necessary is a focus on form for student language learning? In what contexts is an explicit focus on form in the classroom most…
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Form Classes (Languages), Classroom Techniques, Relevance (Education)
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Myers, Liatris – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
Second language pragmatics are not easily acquired by second language learners for a variety of reasons including negative first language transfer, insufficient grammatical competence, and inadequate instruction. For adult learners living in the second language environment, adequate pragmatic knowledge is essential even for beginning level…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Pragmatics, Incidental Learning
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Gavell, Mina – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
While the present perfect is difficult for English Language Learners (ELLs) to master, this study seeks to provide evidence of its integral pragmatic function in the social task of initiating and developing relationships. Through analysis of the Santa Barbara Corpus of Spoken American English, the frequency of the present perfect, the pragmatic…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Linguistics, Grammar, Morphemes
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Rice, Jennifer – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
After spending several years investigating the needs of non-native English speakers in undergraduate courses at a large public university, it became apparent to Jenifer Rice that one of the main challenges facing these students is speaking up during large lecture classes. In such classes, two specific speaking skills students need are (1) asking…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, English Language Learners, Skill Development, Reaction Time
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Randolph, Patrick T. – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
Of all the possible tools available to help out English language Learners (ELLs) acquire vocabulary, the use of emotions is one of the most powerful because "we are learning that emotions are the result of multiple brain and body systems that are distributed over the whole person". If we go one step further and connect emotions to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English Language Learners, Emotional Response, Memory
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Krause, Tim – ORTESOL Journal, 2018
Vocabulary acquisition is central to language learning, and many instructors believe that technology can facilitate this core activity. While numerous websites and apps offer language-learning activities and games, not all provide evidence that their content and techniques are effective. VocabularySpellingCity (VSC), however, commissioned a study…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Patton, Anne; Hirano, Eliana; Garrett, Anna Rose – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
Pen pal exchanges have been used for years to promote cross-cultural communication. In educational settings, pen pal projects have served additional purposes. One is providing English language learners (ELLs) with a safe but realistic context in which language skills can be practiced and learner motivation increased. This study investigates the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, English (Second Language), College Students, Education Majors
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Kim, Catherine E. – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
This study reports the major findings of an in-depth survey and interview with a group of students and parents who recently immigrated to the U.S. from Korea. The study was conducted to identify how they engage in out-of-school English language use and to what extent parents and teachers are involved and supportive in the process. All the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Surveys, Interviews
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Sheppard, Beth; Elliott, Nancy; Baese-Berk, Melissa – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
Intensive English Program (IEP) Instructors and content faculty both listen to international students at the university. For these two groups of instructors, this study compared perceptions of international student speech by collecting comprehensibility ratings and transcription samples for intelligibility scores. No significant differences were…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, College Students, College Faculty, Teacher Attitudes
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Finn, Eileen – ORTESOL Journal, 2017
This article explores the cases for and against the inclusion of curriculum about swearing (which includes taboo words) as a part of an Adult ESL course. The function and prevalence of swearing are discussed, including the level of exposure students face. Taboo language makes up 4% to 13% of typical daily language use (Fägersten, 2012; Winters…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Adult Education, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Hill, Laura – ORTESOL Journal, 2016
The increasing importance of digital technologies can disenfranchise individuals who lack digital literacy skills. As clinics adopt online health portals, even health care services require digital skills. Patients are often expected to check test results and perform other health-related tasks online, but few clinics provide support for those who…
Descriptors: Technological Literacy, Electronic Learning, Educational Technology, Health Services
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Twenge-Jinings, Fidelia; Sullivan, Joanna – ORTESOL Journal, 2016
Realizing that ESOL students often do not integrate naturally into their new communities, we developed a reading class that focuses only on topics such as history, culture, arts, nature and entertainment that pertain to Portland or Oregon. In addition to readings, we asked that students go out and "live" what they learned through a…
Descriptors: Educational Resources, Place Based Education, Curriculum Development, English (Second Language)
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