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Zhang, Xiao; Hu, Bi Ying; Ren, Lixin; Huo, Shuting; Wang, Meifang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This chapter addresses how child-, family-, and school-level characteristics are associated with Chinese children's academic skill development during their preschool years. Academic skills are defined in terms of young children's emergent competencies in academic domains including literacy, mathematics, and science. First, we review the relations…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Skill Development, Family Characteristics, Institutional Characteristics
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Wang, Ting; Xu, Qinmei; Hu, Jon-Fan – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
Learning constitutes a main developmental context for children everywhere. Learning-related emotions can affect cognition, motivation, and achievement and are associated with parenting. Studies on learning-related emotions and how parenting is associated with a child's emotional development in learning have been less conclusive for Chinese…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Schemata (Cognition), Parenting Styles, Learning Motivation
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Cai, Wangchun; Wu, Fuxiang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This paper reviews how income inequality at the micro and regional levels influenced the inequality in educational outcomes for children and adolescents in China over the past decades. First, we find that the economic condition of the family influences children's and adolescents' education through home educational resources and parental…
Descriptors: Social Differences, Family Income, Equal Education, Outcomes of Education
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Ge, Yan; Song, Li; Clancy, Rockwell F.; Qin, Yulin – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
More than 60 million children have been left behind in rural China by parents going to work in cities. Given the effects of child-parent separation (CPS) on development, this phenomenon has drawn considerable governmental and academic attention in recent years. Outlining developments with reference to relevant studies, this review characterizes…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Parents, Parent Child Relationship
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Ye, Lin; Posada, Alexandria; Liu, Yangyang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
The objective of the present study was to review the research on the relationship between Chinese adolescents' stress and their academic achievement in the past 20 years. The reviewed studies revealed a generally negative relationship between Chinese adolescents' academic stress and academic achievement; however, other factors, notably,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Adolescents, Anxiety, Academic Achievement
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Wang, Bo; Cao, Futao; Boyland, Joyce Tang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
English language readers rarely get glimpses of the state of autism research in China. Given the seriousness of autism, the population of China, and the potential for theoretically interesting cross-cultural insights, we provide a broad survey of research carried out in China on childhood autism. Four themes are considered: etiology, diagnosis,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cross Cultural Studies, Etiology
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Li, Nan; Hein, Sascha – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
Autonomy (or self-determination) is a crucial construct in understanding adolescents' development and well-being. This paper presents current knowledge about the features of autonomy in learning, parental autonomy support, and psychological control, and their relations with psychological well-being and academic functioning of Chinese adolescents.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personal Autonomy, Adolescents, Learning
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Cutting, Laurie E.; Mancilla-Martinez, Jeannette – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
In this article, we discuss the approach adopted within the Vanderbilt University Learning Disabilities Innovation Hub, which focuses on students with higher-order comorbidity: students with concurrent difficulty with reading comprehension and word-problem solving. The aim of the Hub's Research Project is to test what we refer to as the…
Descriptors: Program Descriptions, Learning Disabilities, Thinking Skills, Difficulty Level
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Willcutt, Erik G.; McGrath, Lauren M.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Keenan, Janice M.; DeFries, John C.; Olson, Richard K.; Wadsworth, Sally J. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
Current definitions of specific learning disability (SLD) identify a heterogeneous population that includes individuals with weaknesses in reading, math, or writing, and these academic difficulties often co-occur in many of the same individuals. The Colorado Learning Disabilities Research Center (CLDRC) is an interdisciplinary, multisite research…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Learning Disabilities, Twins, Reading Difficulties
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Church, Jessica A.; Cirino, Paul T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Juranek, Jenifer; Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
The role of executive function (EF) in the reading process, and in those with reading difficulties, remains unclear. As members of the Texas Center for Learning Disabilities, we review multiple perspectives regarding EF in reading and then summarize some of our recent studies of struggling and typical readers in grades 3-5. Study 1a found that a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Reading Processes
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Strouse, Darcy L.; Moore, Kathryn – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
ChildFund International (ChildFund) is a child-focused International Non-Governmental Organization (INGO) which, since 1938, has worked with local implementing partners (LIPs), government, and other partner organizations to help create the safe environments children need to thrive. The purpose of this commentary is to reflect on the utility and…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness, Nongovernmental Organizations, Children
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Ponguta, Liliana Angelica; Issa, Ghassan; Aoudeh, Lara; Maalouf, Cosette; Nourallah, Sawsan; Khoshnood, Kaveh; Zonderman, Anna Leslie; Katsovich, Liliya; Moore, Christina; Salah, Rima; Al-Soleiti, Majd; Britto, Pia Rebello; Leckman, James Frederick – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
Despite the knowledge that quality early childhood development programs, including those that target parental knowledge and behaviors, are essential for ameliorating the negative effects of early-life adversity, robust analyses of their implementation and impact in highly vulnerable settings are scarce. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Foreign Countries, Program Evaluation, Parent Child Relationship
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Geuke, Gemma G. M.; Maric, Marija; Miocevic, Milica; Wolters, Lidewij H.; de Haan, Else – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
The major aim of this manuscript is to bring together two important topics that have recently received much attention in child and adolescent research, albeit separately from each other: single-case experimental designs and statistical mediation analysis. Single-case experimental designs (SCEDs) are increasingly recognized as a valuable…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Research, Case Studies
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Tavecchio, Louis; Van der Helm, Peer; Moonen, Xavier; Assink, Mark; Stams, Geert Jan; Wissink, Inge; Asscher, Jessica – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This study provides an illustration of a research design complementary to randomized controlled trial to evaluate program effects, namely, participatory peer research (PPR). The PPR described in current study was carried out in a small sample (N = 10) of young adults with mild intellectual disabilities (MID) and severe behavioral problems. During…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Young Adults, Mild Intellectual Disability, Behavior Disorders
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Wadhwa, Mansi; Cook, Thomas D. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This chapter highlights the key assumptions underlying Randomized Control Trials (RCTs) and illustrates them with regard to the practice of RCTs in the realm of child and adolescent development. Given the prominence of RCTs in policy research, we analyze the possible ways in which these assumptions might not be met by single randomized…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Evidence Based Practice, Child Development, Adolescent Development
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