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Han, Huamei – Modern Language Journal, 2018
The historical reversal over the course of several centuries in the West is striking: while language has become much "more" central to public life and "more" politically contentious, religion has become "less" central to public life and "less" politically contentious, notwithstanding the resurgence of public…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Religious Education, Political Attitudes, Language Attitudes
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Sasaki, Miyuki; Mizumoto, Atushi; Murakami, Akira – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study adopts Oxford's (2017) definition of language learning strategies (LLS) framed by self-regulation theory and explores the longitudinal development in the use of three second language (L2) writing strategies (global planning, local planning, L1-to-L2 translation) by Japanese university students as it interacts with cognitive, affective,…
Descriptors: Writing Strategies, Second Language Learning, Translation, Japanese
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott A. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Syntactic complexity is an important measure of second language (L2) writing proficiency (Larsen--Freeman, 1978; Lu, 2011). Large-grained indices such as the mean length of T-unit (MLTU) have been used with the most consistency in L2 writing studies (Ortega, 2003). Recently, indices such as MLTU have been criticized, both for the difficulty in…
Descriptors: Syntax, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning
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Thomas, Kavita E. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study introduces an approach to providing corrective feedback to L2 learners termed analogy-based corrective feedback that is motivated by analogical learning theories and syntactic alignment in dialogue. Learners are presented with a structurally similar synonymous version of their output where the erroneous form is corrected, and they must…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Grammar
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Iakovleva, Tatiana; Gras, Doriane – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Research on multilingual acquisition has investigated various combinations of languages to identify the factors determining how learners express motion. Our research examines the semantics of motion expression in learners whose first language (L1) exhibits more variation than their foreign language (L2/L3). The present study compares upward motion…
Descriptors: Russian, Native Language, French, English (Second Language)
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Poupore, Glen – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Working with Korean university-level learners of English, this study provides a detailed analytical comparison of 2 task work groups that were video-recorded, with 1 group scoring very high and the other relatively low based on the results of a Group Work Dynamic (GWD) measuring instrument. Adopting a complexity theory (CT) perspective and…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Task Analysis, Group Dynamics
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Canagarajah, Suresh – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Applied linguists have been exploring approaches to second language acquisition and competence that move beyond a prioritization of cognition and grammar that was derived from the foundational structuralist legacy in linguistics. Recently, for example, they have collaborated in putting together an integrated alternative model (Douglas Fir Group,…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Language Proficiency, Academic Discourse, Applied Linguistics
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Staples, Shelley; Biber, Douglas; Reppen, Randi – Modern Language Journal, 2018
One of the central considerations in the validity argument for the TOEFL iBT is the relationship between the language on the exam and the language required for university courses. Corpus linguistics has recently been shown to be an effective way to explore this relationship, which can also be considered as an aspect of authenticity. Applying…
Descriptors: Computational Linguistics, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Language Tests
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Lee, Minjin; Revesz, Andrea – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study launched an investigation into the extent to which textual enhancement in captions can promote learner attention to and subsequent development in second language (L2) grammar. Using eye-tracking, it also intended to extend research on the relationship between attention and L2 learning. A pretest-posttest experimental design was…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Atkinson, Dwight; Churchill, Eton; Nishino, Takako; Okada, Hanako – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Sociocognitive theory views learning, including second language acquisition, as the progressive "alignment" of individuals vis-à-vis their ecosocial environments. In this article we first update sociocognitive theory in light of recent evolutionary/ecological research on learning/teaching: (a) Humans are evolutionarily "adapted to…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Social Cognition
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Gonzalez, Paz; Quintana Hernandez, Lucia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
The aim of this article is to show that the use of Spanish grammatical aspect is biased by inherent aspect depending on the learner's first language (L1). It considers both the Lexical Aspect Hypothesis (LAH; Andersen, 1986, and his followers) and the L1 Transfer Hypothesis (Izquierdo & Collins, 2008; McManus, 2015), and it compares the use of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar, Prediction
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Sparks, Richard L.; Luebbers, Julie; Castaneda, Martha; Patton, Jon – Modern Language Journal, 2018
A unique anxiety for foreign language (L2) learning has been hypothesized to explain students' problems with language learning. However, L2 anxiety instruments have been challenged on the grounds that they reflect students' language learning ability and/or perceptions of their language learning skills. In this study, 266 U.S. high school students…
Descriptors: High School Students, Spanish, Anxiety, Second Language Learning
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Lee, Sheng-Hsun; Kinginger, Celeste – Modern Language Journal, 2018
What becomes of language students who participate in study abroad and then continue their study at home? What part can their memory of in-country living play in shaping subsequent classroom experiences, not only for the students themselves but also for their classmates and teachers? This study explores changes in the motives of a study abroad…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Study Abroad, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Nagle, Charles; Sachs, Rebecca; Zárate-Sández, Germán – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study explored teachers' beliefs about pronunciation instruction in Spanish as a second language (L2). An online survey was used to collect data from 100 participants, grouped into 4 categories based on their previous training in principles and methods of pronunciation instruction. This article reports results from 15 survey items which…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Language Teachers, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Garner, James; Crossley, Scott – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Current quantitative methods in second language (L2) acquisition have proven useful in examining how phraseological unit production changes over time. However, these methods are limited in that they do not allow for the analysis of individual differences in those changes. This study demonstrates the potential for Latent Curve Modeling, a type of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Phrase Structure, Language Proficiency, Writing Skills
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