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Hendriks, Henriette; Hickmann, Maya – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Languages vary considerably in how they represent motion. One major source of variation (Talmy, 2000) depends on whether linguistic systems lexicalize path in the verb (verb-framed languages) or in satellites (satellite-framed languages). This typological difference involves more than different verb types in that it also affects elements outside…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, French, Language Classification, English
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Pavlenko, Aneta; Volynsky, Maria – Modern Language Journal, 2015
The aim of the present study is twofold. One, we will show that Talmy's (1985, 1991, 2000) motion typology that groups Russian and English together as satellite-framed languages may be justified on linguistic grounds but is inadequate from a psycholinguistic point of view. Two, we will argue that the shortcomings of the typology may account…
Descriptors: Motion, Russian, English, English (Second Language)
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Tomczak, Ewa; Ewert, Anna – Modern Language Journal, 2015
We examine cross-linguistic influence in the processing of motion sentences by L2 users from an embodied cognition perspective. The experiment employs a priming paradigm to test two hypotheses based on previous action and motion research in cognitive psychology. The first hypothesis maintains that conceptual representations of motion are embodied…
Descriptors: Motion, Second Language Learning, Polish, Language Processing
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Brown, Amanda – Modern Language Journal, 2015
This article investigates bilingual versus monolingual construal of manner of motion in speech and gesture across three languages--Mandarin, Japanese, and English--argued to be typologically distinct in speech and co-speech gesture (Brown & Chen, 2013; McNeill, 2001; Slobin, 2004b; Talmy, 1991). Narrative descriptions of motion were elicited…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Stam, Gale – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Cross-linguistic research on motion events has shown that Spanish speakers and English speakers have different patterns of thinking for speaking about motion, both linguistically and gesturally (for a review, see Stam, 2010b). Spanish speakers express path linguistically with verbs, and their path gestures tend to occur with path verbs, whereas…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Case Studies, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Flecken, Monique; Carroll, Mary; Weimar, Katja; Von Stutterheim, Christiane – Modern Language Journal, 2015
The typological contrast between verb- and satellite-framed languages (Talmy, 1985) has set the basis for many empirical studies on L2 acquisition. The current analysis goes beyond this typology by looking in detail at the conceptualization of the path of motion in a motion event. We take as a starting point the cognitive salience of specific…
Descriptors: Motion, Language Processing, Second Language Learning, Verbs
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Cook, Vivian – Modern Language Journal, 2015
These concluding reflections seek to put the articles of this special issue in a broader context. The article begins by looking at the ideas of cognitive linguistics and linguistic relativity that are invoked. It then considers the questions that arise about the relationship between two or more languages in the same mind, the differences between…
Descriptors: Motion, Second Language Learning, Language Research, Grammar
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Golonka, Ewa; Bowles, Anita; Silbert, Noah; Kramasz, Debra; Blake, Charles; Buckwalter, Tim – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Despite years of research on vocabulary learning and teaching, relatively little is known about strategies for effective mastery of vocabulary in less commonly taught languages. The current study focuses on English native speakers studying Modern Standard Arabic to identify effective ways to present and learn new vocabulary using tasks varying in…
Descriptors: Role, Vocabulary Development, Semitic Languages, Mastery Learning
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Thompson, Amy S.; Vásquez, Camilla – Modern Language Journal, 2015
This study analyzes the language learning narratives of 3 NNS foreign language teachers. It uses as a theoretical framework the L2 Motivational Self System (L2MSS) (Dörnyei, 2009) but adds the dimension of psychological reactance (Brehm, 1966). Our findings indicate that the L2MSS underestimates the relationship between "I" and…
Descriptors: Profiles, Second Language Learning, Personal Narratives, Second Language Instruction
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Rodgers, Daryl M. – Modern Language Journal, 2015
This study examined the extent to which 40 students enrolled in upper level foreign language literary/cultural studies content courses showed evidence of incidental language learning over the course of a semester. Students completed a cloze passage and provided both writing and speaking samples at the beginning and end of the semester. In…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Course Content, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Alsadoon, Reem; Heift, Trude – Modern Language Journal, 2015
This study explores the impact of textual input enhancement on the noticing and intake of English vowels by Arabic L2 learners of English. Arabic L1 speakers are known to experience "vowel blindness," commonly defined as a difficulty in the textual decoding and encoding of English vowels due to an insufficient decoding of the word form.…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Eye Movements
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Karimi, Mohammad Nabi – Modern Language Journal, 2015
There is a substantial body of L2 research documenting the central role of strategy instruction in reading comprehension. However, this line of research has been conducted mostly within the single text paradigm of reading research. With reading literacy undergoing a marked shift from single source reading to multiple documents literacy, little is…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Learning Strategies
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Kang, EunYoung; Han, Zhaohong – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Written corrective feedback has been subject to increasing attention in recent years, in part because of the conceptual controversy surrounding it and in part because of its ubiquitous practice. This study takes a meta-analytic approach to synthesizing extant empirical research, including 21 primary studies. Guiding the analysis are two questions:…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Carhill-Poza, Avary – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Although researchers often acknowledge the importance of linguistically rich interactions in the academic language development of emergent bilingual students, few studies have explicitly examined the role of linguistic peer support and the underlying structure of social relationships in the second language learning experiences and outcomes of…
Descriptors: Role, Spanish Speaking, Immigrants, Bilingualism
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Nagano, Tomonori – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Heritage language (HL) speakers have received scholarly attention in recent years as an interdisciplinary research theme, but relatively less attention has been paid to their demographics. Existing studies of HL speakers' demographics often focus on young children in areas of high immigrant concentration (i.e., California, Florida, and New York);…
Descriptors: Heritage Education, Adults, Bilingualism, Labor Force Development
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