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Van Batenburg, Eline S. L.; Oostdam, Ron J.; Van Gelderen, Amos J. S.; Fukkink, Ruben G.; De Jong, Nivja H. – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Little is known about the effects of different instructional approaches on learner affect in oral interaction in the foreign language classroom. In a randomized experiment with Dutch pre-vocational learners (N = 147), we evaluated the effects of 3 newly developed┬áinstructional programs for English as a foreign language (EFL). These programs…
Descriptors: Oral Language, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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McManus, Kevin; Marsden, Emma – Modern Language Journal, 2019
This study advances previous research about the effects of explicit instruction on second language (L2) development by examining learners' use of verbal morphology following different types of explicit information (EI) and comprehension practice. We investigated the extent to which additional EI about the first language (L1) can reduce the effects…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language
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Kanwit, Matthew – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The present study investigates to what extent first-language (L1) and second-language (L2) speakers use lexical futures, whether such forms provide evidence of development, and whether these forms are constrained differently from the present indicative (PI) according to linguistic predictors. It uses a combined approach through its…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Native Speakers, English
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Yilmaz, Yucel; Granena, Gisela – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The present study investigated a group of cognitive individual differences considered advantageous in second language learning and their role in language learning under implicit and explicit feedback conditions using both language awareness and language development measures. The study further investigated whether different types of awareness are…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language
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Lightbown, Patsy Martin – Modern Language Journal, 2019
This special issue contains reports of research on a variety of variables that are hypothesized to have an impact on how practice affects language learning. This includes spacing of practice opportunities, the provision of feedback, training working memory, and oral versus written input. Each study is complex and clearly contextualized within the…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Short Term Memory
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Li, Man; Dekeyser, Robert – Modern Language Journal, 2019
This study investigated the effects of temporal distribution of practice on the learning and retention of Mandarin tonal word production. Eighty native English-speaking adults with no prior knowledge of a tonal language participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to four experimental conditions varying in intersession interval (ISI)…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Intonation, English, Native Language
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Iakovleva, Tatiana; Gras, Doriane – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Research on multilingual acquisition has investigated various combinations of languages to identify the factors determining how learners express motion. Our research examines the semantics of motion expression in learners whose first language (L1) exhibits more variation than their foreign language (L2/L3). The present study compares upward motion…
Descriptors: Russian, Native Language, French, English (Second Language)
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Lee, Minjin; Revesz, Andrea – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study launched an investigation into the extent to which textual enhancement in captions can promote learner attention to and subsequent development in second language (L2) grammar. Using eye-tracking, it also intended to extend research on the relationship between attention and L2 learning. A pretest-posttest experimental design was…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen; Su, Yunwen – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study investigates the role of proficiency in the acquisition of conventional expressions as a pragmalinguistic resource in second-language (L2) Chinese. One hundred and four undergraduates, including 57 learners of Chinese as a foreign language at 3 levels of university instruction and 47 native speakers completed an aural-oral discourse…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Role
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Staples, Shelley; Laflair, Geoffrey T.; Egbert, Jesse – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Oral Proficiency Interviews (OPIs) are widely used to measure speaking ability in a second or foreign language. The Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) Speaking Test is an OPI used for academic and professional purposes around the world. However, little research on this or other OPIs has quantitatively compared test takers' speech…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Nurses
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Leonard, Karen Ruth; Shea, Christine E. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
We take a multidimensional perspective on the development of second language (L2) speaking ability and examine how changes in the underlying cognitive variables of linguistic knowledge and processing speed interact with complexity, fluency, and accuracy over the course of a 3-month Spanish study abroad session. Study abroad provides a unique…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Oral Language, Language Processing, Study Abroad
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Syntactic and linguistic complexity have been studied extensively in applied linguistics as indicators of linguistic performance, development, and proficiency. Recent publications have equally highlighted the reductionist approach taken to syntactic complexity measurement, which often focuses on one or two measures representing complexity at the…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Native Speakers, Indo European Languages, Syntax
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Nassaji, Hossein – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study investigated the effects of extensive versus intensive recasts. The focus was on the effect of feedback on learning English articles, which, as nonsalient target structures, have been shown to be difficult for many second language learners. Intensive recasts were operationalized as recasts provided on article errors only, while…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grammar, Feedback (Response), Error Correction
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Zalbidea, Janire – Modern Language Journal, 2017
The present study explores the independent and interactive effects of task complexity and task modality on linguistic dimensions of second language (L2) performance and investigates how these effects are modulated by individual differences in working memory capacity. Thirty-two intermediate learners of L2 Spanish completed less and more complex…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Accuracy, Short Term Memory, Statistical Analysis
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Zhang, Dongbo – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study examined the similarities and differences in the functioning of component processes underlying first language (L1) and second language (L2) word reading in Chinese. Fourth-grade Chinese children in Singapore were divided into L1 and L2 reader groups based on whether they used Mandarin or English as their home language. Both groups were…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, English, Language Usage, Second Language Learning
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