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LaScotte, Darren; Tarone, Elaine – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Addressing themes from the Douglas Fir Group's (2016) transdisciplinary framework, this paper bridges boundaries between cognitive and social disciplines by showing how social contextual factors can affect the psycholinguistic development of complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF) in learner language. Sociolinguistic and sociocultural frameworks…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Psycholinguistics, Language Fluency, Language Skills
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Van Batenburg, Eline S. L.; Oostdam, Ron J.; Van Gelderen, Amos J. S.; Fukkink, Ruben G.; De Jong, Nivja H. – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Little is known about the effects of different instructional approaches on learner affect in oral interaction in the foreign language classroom. In a randomized experiment with Dutch pre-vocational learners (N = 147), we evaluated the effects of 3 newly developed instructional programs for English as a foreign language (EFL). These programs…
Descriptors: Oral Language, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Dewaele, Jean-Marc; Magdalena, Andrea Franco; Saito, Kazuya – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The present study explores the relationship between Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE) and Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) and a number of teacher-centered variables within the Spanish classroom context. Participants were 210 former and current learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) from all over Spain who filled out an online…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Teachers, Teacher Characteristics
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Herazo, José David; Davin, Kristin J.; Sagre, Anamaria – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Because scaffolded feedback is a key component of dynamic assessment (DA) and is present in some forms of corrective feedback (CF), it can be unclear how the 2 frameworks differ. Further complicating the distinction, many second language (L2) DA studies have focused on how a teacher provides mediation as a series of prompts, usually in reaction to…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Feedback (Response), Student Evaluation
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Lambert, Craig; Zhang, Grace – Modern Language Journal, 2019
This study investigates learner engagement in pedagogic task performance by triangulating multiple sources of data to gain insight into the cognitive and affective processes that take place on a range of tasks and how they engage learners of different target languages. The study provides a detailed analysis of 4 learners' second language (L2)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Learner Engagement, Second Language Learning, Japanese
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Dávila, Liv T. – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Creative manipulations of language have long been recognized as important aspects of second language development. Research has largely examined playful language within adult foreign language classrooms; however, less attention has been given to the pragmatic use of humor among adolescent multilingual learners of English. Drawing on oral…
Descriptors: Humor, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Hayashi, Yuko – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The current 2-part study investigated the relative contributions of English language training (ELT) and computerized Cogmed working memory training (WMT) to improvements in English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) proficiency and working memory capacity. In Study 1, Japanese undergraduate EFL learners were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 experimental…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Nakata, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Yuichi – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Cognitive psychology research has shown that interleaving, wherein learners practice multiple skills or concepts at once, facilitates learning more than does blocking, wherein learners practice only one skill or concept at a time. Despite the advantage of interleaving over blocking observed across a number of domains, limited attention has been…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Tests
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Strong, Brian; Boers, Frank – Modern Language Journal, 2019
English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) textbooks and internet resources exhibit various formats and implementations of exercises on phrasal verbs. The experimental study reported here examines whether some of these might be more effective than others. EFL learners at a university in Japan were randomly assigned to 4 treatment groups. Two groups were…
Descriptors: Verbs, Phrase Structure, Teaching Methods, Feedback (Response)
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Zhao, Helen; MacWhinney, Brian – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This article analyzes the instructed learning of the English article system by second language (L2) learners. The Competition Model (MacWhinney, 1987, 2012) was adopted as the theoretical framework for analyzing the cues to article usage and for designing effective computer-based article instruction. Study 1 found that article cues followed a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Cues
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Butler, Yuko Goto – Modern Language Journal, 2018
With use of self-assessment (SA) of young language learners on the rise, educators of young learners often want to know what SA captures and how best to use it in order to assist their students' learning. This study focuses on understanding how young learners' processes for responding to SA items differ by age and by context of implementation…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Cho, Minyoung – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Despite an increased awareness of language learner performance in task-based instruction, little is known about how learners perceive and respond to different task factors. This study investigates the effects of task complexity and modality on (a) learners' perception of task difficulty, skill, and its balance, and on (b) learners' task…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Nahatame, Shingo – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study aimed to examine how second language (L2) readers process and comprehend paired sentences based on the causal and semantic relatedness of the sentences. Causal relatedness refers to the cause-and-effect relations between the events described, whereas semantic relatedness refers to the similarity of meaning conveyed by the sentences. In…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Attribution Theory, Reading Processes
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott A. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Syntactic complexity is an important measure of second language (L2) writing proficiency (Larsen--Freeman, 1978; Lu, 2011). Large-grained indices such as the mean length of T-unit (MLTU) have been used with the most consistency in L2 writing studies (Ortega, 2003). Recently, indices such as MLTU have been criticized, both for the difficulty in…
Descriptors: Syntax, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning
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Thomas, Kavita E. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study introduces an approach to providing corrective feedback to L2 learners termed analogy-based corrective feedback that is motivated by analogical learning theories and syntactic alignment in dialogue. Learners are presented with a structurally similar synonymous version of their output where the erroneous form is corrected, and they must…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Grammar
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