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Kim, Youb – Modern Language Journal, 2008
The purpose of this research study is to compare the effectiveness of 2 different instructional approaches to language instruction--integrated (oral plus written) versus oral-only instruction--in developing oral language skills of young students learning English as a second language (ESL). Drawing upon 2 competing research perspectives on young…
Descriptors: Intervention, Oral Language, Foreign Countries, Language Skills
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Iddings, Ana Christina DaSilva; McCafferty, Steven G. – Modern Language Journal, 2007
This study explored Mikhail Bakhtin's conceptualization of carnival as it applies to 2 second language (L2) learners in an American kindergarten classroom. Unwilling to engage in two story retelling tasks, the children nevertheless invoked the imaginative, playful, and dialogic world of carnival, creating meaningful, contingent contexts for…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Second Language Learning, Student Behavior, Story Telling