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Li, Shaofeng; Zhu, Yan; Ellis, Rod – Modern Language Journal, 2016
The article reports on a study investigating the comparative effects of immediate and delayed corrective feedback in learning the English past passive construction, a linguistic structure of which the learners had little prior knowledge. A total of 120 learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) from 4 intact classes at a Chinese middle school…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Zhang, Xiaopeng; Dong, Xiaoli – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of Zipfian frequency at facilitating the acquisition of English prenominal past participles. Chinese middle school students (N = 103) were randomly assigned to a sequenced Zipfian frequency (SZF) group, a random Zipfian frequency (RZF) group, a balanced frequency (BF) group, and a control group. A mixed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Kim, Youjin; Taguchi, Naoko – Modern Language Journal, 2015
Robinson's (2001) Cognition Hypothesis claims that more complex tasks promote interaction and language development. This study examined the effect of task complexity in the learning of request-making expressions. Task complexity was operationalized as [+/- reasoning] following Robinson's framework. The study employed a pretest-posttest research…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Dahl, Tove Irene; Ludvigsen, Susanne – Modern Language Journal, 2014
In what ways do native language (NL) speakers and foreign language (FL) learners differ in understanding the same messages delivered with or without gestures? To answer this question, seventh- and eighth-grade NL and FL learners of English in the United States and Norway were shown a video of a speaker describing, in English, a cartoon image that…
Descriptors: Role, Nonverbal Communication, Second Language Learning, Listening Comprehension