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Swain, Merrill; Lapkin, Sharon; Knouzi, Ibtissem; Suzuki, Wataru; Brooks, Lindsay – Modern Language Journal, 2009
In this article we explore the process and product of languaging as it concerns the learning of the grammatical concept of voice (active, passive, and middle) in French. We examine and analyze the amount and type of languaging produced by a small sample of university students as they struggle to understand the concept of voice. Students who are…
Descriptors: Grammar, French, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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Swain, Merrill; Deters, Ping – Modern Language Journal, 2007
How have the ideas raised by Firth and Wagner (1997) influenced the construction of second language acquisition (SLA) theories? In this article, we take the position that prior to and since 1997, there was and has been a notable increase in SLA research and theory that prioritizes sociocultural and contextual factors in addition to acknowledging…
Descriptors: Language Research, Linguistic Theory, Second Language Learning, Sociocultural Patterns
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Lapkin, Sharon; Swain, Merrill; Smith, Monika – Modern Language Journal, 2002
Examines a subset of collaborative dialogues that occurred in a a multistage task where Canadian Grade 7 French immersion students worked together in pairs. Each pair wrote a story, noticed differences between their text and a reformulator's revision, and reflected on their noticing. Traces development of the target language (French), with…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Dialogs (Language), Foreign Countries, French
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Barik, Henri C.; Swain, Merrill – Modern Language Journal, 1974
Presents findings of an evaluation of an English-French bilingual education program using partial instruction in the second language in St. Thomas, Ontario. The evaluation covers grades 1-3. The program operates in unilingual English environment. (RM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, FLES, French, Language Instruction
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Barik, Henri C.; Swain, Merrill – Modern Language Journal, 1976
This paper presents the results of an evaluation of a bilingual education program for English-speaking pupils, grades 1-4, in Ontario. It is a partial French immersion program, with instruction in French or English half of each day. Evaluative tests are described, and English and French language skills examined. (CHK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Elementary Education, English
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Swain, Merrill; Lapkin, Sharon – Modern Language Journal, 1998
Provides support for a theoretical orientation toward viewing dialog as both a means of communication and a cognitive tool. Data to support this position come from an analysis of language-related episodes isolated in the dialog of two grade 8 French immersion students as they carry out a jigsaw task. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Cognitive Processes, Cooperative Learning, Dialogs (Language)
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Tarone, Elaine; Swain, Merrill – Modern Language Journal, 1995
This paper cites observational and interview evidence indicating that language immersion students in the United States and Canada increasingly avoid using their second language in peer interactions as they move into higher primary grade levels. Implications for immersion programs and teachers are discussed. (32 references) (MDM)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, FLES, Immersion Programs, Interviews
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Swain, Merrill; Lapkin, Sharon – Modern Language Journal, 1989
A review of the research on Canadian immersion programs supports two notions regarding second language learning: (1) older learners may have as much learning success as younger learners, and in a shorter time period; and (2) integration of content teaching and language teaching is paramount in effective second language instruction. (29 references)…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Adult Students, Age Differences, Comparative Analysis