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Markee, Numa – Modern Language Journal, 1997
Suggests second language acquisition research can help promote change in language teachers' methodological beliefs and practices. Drawing on diffusion of innovations research, an area of sociological inquiry, examines a theoretical framework for understanding change in language education, and discusses practical applications supporting…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Classroom Techniques, Educational Change, Educational Research
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Dornyei, Zoltan – Modern Language Journal, 1994
The social psychological constructs postulated by Garner, Clement et al. are integrated into a proposed new framework of second/foreign language (L2) learning motivation. The proposed model comprises three levels: language, learner, and learning situation. Practical examples for motivating L2 learners are presented. (55 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Language Research, Models, Predictor Variables
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Schairer, Karen Earline – Modern Language Journal, 1992
Discusses how native speakers of Spanish, accustomed to dealing with nonnative Spanish speakers, evaluated 18 taped nonnative speech samples that provided a wide sample of pronunciation. Comprehensibility, voice agreeability/ disagreeability, and nativeness of accent were rated. (32 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Proficiency, Native Speakers, Phonology
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Davis, James N.; And Others – Modern Language Journal, 1992
Student attitudes toward the study of literature in a foreign language were examined, based on a survey of introduction to literature courses in French and Spanish. Most students revealed positive attitudes. A review of previous research and the survey instrument are included. (38 references) (LB)
Descriptors: College Second Language Programs, French, Higher Education, Literature Appreciation
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Wolf, Darlene F. – Modern Language Journal, 1993
Data from a study on second-language reading comprehension show that assessment task type, language of assessment, and target language experience uniformly affect learners' ability to demonstrate their reading comprehension. A literature review is included. (Contains 57 references.) (LB)
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Second Language Instruction
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Koda, Keiko – Modern Language Journal, 1993
The application of language processing skills between 2 languages with dissimilar morphosyntactic features was investigated with 72 American university students learning Japanese. Results suggest that learners' first- and second-language knowledge both play a significant role and that the linguistic knowledge and coding capability for text…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), English, Japanese, Language Processing
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Sparks, Richard; Ganschow, Leonore – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A theoretical basis for a first-/second-language link is presented along with an explanation of why current global theories of language are incomplete. Implications for foreign language (FL) methodology and instruction for students with FL learning problems are addressed. (123 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Language Research, Learning Problems, Linguistic Theory
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Fox, Cynthia A. – Modern Language Journal, 1993
Some 147 teaching assistants responded to the Survey of First Year Graduate Teaching Assistants in French, part of which focused on handling typical student questions on grammar. Analysis suggests that TAs do not conceptualize language according to the model of communicative competence proposed by Canale and Swain. (36 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), French, Graduate Students, Grammar
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Nagata, Noriko – Modern Language Journal, 1993
In a study of the application natural language processing to second-language instruction, two versions of the Nihongo-CALI (computer-assisted language instruction) system were developed. Empirical data support the possibility/effectiveness of intelligent CALI to facilitate second-language acquisition. (19 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Error Analysis (Language), Japanese, Language Acquisition
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Green, John M. – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A study investigated the effectiveness of communicative and noncommunicative class activities for English second-language instruction in relation to student perceptions of the degree to which those activities were enjoyable. Results indicate a positive correlation between enjoyableness and perceived effectiveness but do not show a causal…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Comparative Analysis
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Nyikos, Martha; Oxford, Rebecca – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A study used factor analysis to categorize and describe learning strategies in 1,200 university students. Results are reported from the perspectives of information processing theory and social psychology, and specific implications for classroom practice are discussed. (44 references) (MSE)
Descriptors: Classification, Classroom Techniques, College Students, Factor Analysis
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Glisan, Eileen W.; Drescher, Victor – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A study examined the occurrence of specific grammatical structures (double object pronouns, nominalization with "lo," demonstrative adjectives/pronouns, and possessive adjectives/pronouns) in oral samples of native speaker Spanish and compared the results with the treatment of the structures in six beginning-level college Spanish textbooks.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Grammar, Higher Education, Language Patterns
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Vanpatten, Bill; Cadierno, Teresa – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A study among college students investigated the effects on the developing knowledge system of the second-language learner of two different types of instruction: instruction as manipulation of output, and as structured or focused input processing. Results support the input-processing perspective and the salience of the role of input. (43…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Higher Education
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Roberts, Linda Pavian – Modern Language Journal, 1992
Examines attitudes of first-year Michigan State University students about the importance of foreign language (FL) study, focusing on possible differences according to measured abilities to use the English language, amount of success in previous high school FL study, sex, racial/ethnic heritage, major, and anticipated college-level FL study. (LB)
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Language Aptitude
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Lange, Dale; And Others – Modern Language Journal, 1992
Two questions are examined: the relationship between prior to formal experience (high school instruction) and success on university foreign language proficiency tests, and the similarity of prior experience to pass rates for students of varying languages. (LB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Articulation (Education), Comparative Analysis, Equivalency Tests
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