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Dornyei, Zoltan – Modern Language Journal, 1994
The social psychological constructs postulated by Garner, Clement et al. are integrated into a proposed new framework of second/foreign language (L2) learning motivation. The proposed model comprises three levels: language, learner, and learning situation. Practical examples for motivating L2 learners are presented. (55 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Language Research, Models, Predictor Variables
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Wolf, Darlene F. – Modern Language Journal, 1993
Data from a study on second-language reading comprehension show that assessment task type, language of assessment, and target language experience uniformly affect learners' ability to demonstrate their reading comprehension. A literature review is included. (Contains 57 references.) (LB)
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Second Language Instruction
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Sparks, Richard; Ganschow, Leonore – Modern Language Journal, 1993
A theoretical basis for a first-/second-language link is presented along with an explanation of why current global theories of language are incomplete. Implications for foreign language (FL) methodology and instruction for students with FL learning problems are addressed. (123 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Language Research, Learning Problems, Linguistic Theory