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Showing 121 to 135 of 169 results Save | Export
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Harwood, Jonathan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
"Academic drift" is a term sometimes used to describe the process whereby knowledge which is intended to be useful gradually loses close ties to practice while becoming more tightly integrated with one or other body of scientific knowledge. Drift in this sense has been a common phenomenon in agriculture, engineering, medicine and management…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Professional Education, Technical Education, Relevance (Education)
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Lepori, Benedetto; Baschung, Lukas; Probst, Carole – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Teaching and research are organised differently between subject domains: attempts to construct typologies of higher education institutions, however, often do not include quantitative indicators concerning subject mix which would allow systematic comparisons of large numbers of higher education institutions among different countries, as the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Higher Education, Classification, Foreign Countries
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Metcalfe, J. Stanley – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
It is commonplace to say that the modern economy is knowledge based but a moment's reflection points to the vacuity of this notion. For all economies are knowledge based and could not be otherwise. The question is rather how is one kind of knowledge based economy to be distinguished from another? This essay proposes that the answer may lie in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Universities, School Business Relationship, Partnerships in Education
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Sarrico, Claudia S.; Rosa, Maria J.; Teixeira, Pedro N.; Cardoso, Margarida F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
This paper reflects on quality assessment and performance evaluation in higher education, namely by analysing the insufficient link between those two aspects. We start by reviewing the current state of the art regarding different processes and mechanisms of quality assessment and performance evaluation and discuss some of the major issues…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Evaluation, Performance Based Assessment, Educational Assessment
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Halffman, Willem; Leydesdorff, Loet – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
One of the unintended consequences of the New Public Management (NPM) in universities is often feared to be a division between elite institutions focused on research and large institutions with teaching missions. However, institutional isomorphisms provide counter-incentives. For example, university rankings focus on certain output parameters such…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Research Universities, Colleges, Equal Education
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Tlili, Anwar; Dawson, Emily – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
In this paper we critically review recent developments in policies, practices and philosophies pertaining to the mediation between science and the public within the EU and the UK, focusing in particular on the current paradigm of Public Understanding of Science and Technology (PEST) which seeks to depart from the science information-transmission…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Democracy, Public Policy, Informal Education
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Zomer, Arend H.; Jongbloed, Ben W. A.; Enders, Jurgen – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
As public research organisations are increasingly driven by their national and regional governments to engage in knowledge transfer, they have started to support the creation of companies. These research based spin-off companies (RBSOs) often keep contacts with the research institutes they originate from. In this paper we present the results of a…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Foreign Countries, Institutional Environment, Grants
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Kodate, Naonori; Kodate, Kashiko; Kodate, Takako – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The global community, from UNESCO to NGOs, is committed to promoting the status of women in science, engineering and technology, despite long-held prejudices and the lack of role models. Previously, when equality was not firmly established as a key issue on international or national agendas, women's colleges played a great role in mentoring female…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Mentors, Women Scientists, Foreign Countries
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Feuer, Michael J.; Maranto, Christina J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Since its founding in 1863, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has occupied a special niche in the complex ecology of advice-giving in the United States. Established as a small, private organization with special responsibilities and obligations vis a vis the American people and government, the Academy has expanded considerably in the past…
Descriptors: Reflection, Scientific Research, Sciences, Engineering
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Tchalakov, Ivan; Mitev, Tihomir; Petrov, Venelin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The paper questions some of the premises in studying academic spin-offs in developed countries, claiming that when taken as characteristics of "academic spin-offs per se," they are of little help in understanding the phenomenon in the Eastern European countries during the transitional and post-transitional periods after 1989. It argues…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developed Nations, Entrepreneurship, Educational History
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Kitagawa, Fumi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
There are a number of different forms of inter-organisational collaborative arrangements between universities at international, national and sub-national levels. This paper focuses on a particular form of inter-university collaboration mechanisms, which represents one of the key recent policy developments in Scotland. Research pooling initiatives…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Institutional Cooperation, Cooperative Planning
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Serrano-Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
What happens when management consultants enter the academic arena and offer their services to universities? In the following article, we examine this question by drawing on findings from a qualitative study based on a series of 30 interviews with senior management consultants and academic managers in Germany. The aim of this explorative study is,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Administration, Consultants
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Jacob, Merle – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The new prominence given to science for economic growth and industry comes with an increased policy focus on the promotion of commodification and commercialization of academic science. This paper posits that this increased interest in commodification is a new steering mechanism for governing science. This is achieved by first outlining what is…
Descriptors: Economic Progress, Research and Development, Governance, Policy
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Hackett, Edward J.; Rhoten, Diana R. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The integration of ideas, methods, and data from diverse disciplines has been a transformative force in science and higher education, attracting policy interventions, program innovations, financial resources, and talented people. Much energy has been invested in producing a new generation of scientists trained to work fluidly across disciplines,…
Descriptors: Graduate Study, Research Problems, Research Design, Environmental Research
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Adams, Stephen B. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial (an engine of economic development). Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Engineering Education, Universities, Private Colleges
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