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Showing 91 to 105 of 169 results Save | Export
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Kaiserfeld, Thomas – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
By comparing three types of hybrid organizations--18th-century scientific academies, 19th-century institutions of higher vocational education, and 20th-century industrial research institutes--it is the purpose here to answer the question of why new hybrid organizations are continuously formed. Traditionally, and often implicitly, it is often…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Organizations (Groups), History
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Ramayah, T.; Yeap, Jasmine A. L.; Ignatius, Joshua – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Universities are expected to be places where knowledge is shared freely among academicians. However, the reality shows that knowledge sharing is barely present within universities these days. As Malaysia shifts towards building a knowledge-based society, academic institutions, particularly the public universities, now face ever-growing faculty…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sharing Behavior, Universities, College Faculty
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Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Financial Support
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Lepori, Benedetto; Bonaccorsi, Andrea – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This paper reports on an experiment concerning the social construction of statistical definitions, where the first census of Higher Education Institutions in Europe has been developed. It conceptualizes the construction of indicators as a social process of definitions and boundaries' negotiation, involving value judgments, social and political…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Statistical Data, Measurement
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Stensaker, Bjørn; Benner, Mats – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Universities worldwide are facing enormous strains as a result of increased external expectations where global visibility should be mixed with local and regional utility. In debates on the future of higher education, becoming an entrepreneurial university has been highlighted as a novel--although perhaps a more hybrid--way to deal with this…
Descriptors: Entrepreneurship, Universities, Organizational Change, Knowledge Economy
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Krücken, Georg; Blümel, Albrecht; Kloke, Katharina – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The managerial turn in academia is currently broadly discussed. Based on empirical data gathered from a sample that includes all German universities, we can give a broad and fine-grained account of this turn. What we can clearly see is that whole new categories of administrative management positions have been created over the last years.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Administration, Administrative Organization
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Sá, Creso; Kretz, Andrew; Sigurdson, Kristjan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Our historical study of Canada's main research university illuminates the overlooked influence of national identities and interests as forces shaping the institutionalization of technology transfer. Through the use of archival sources we trace the rise and influence of Canadian technological nationalism--a response to Canada's perceived dependency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Universities, Educational History, Technology Transfer
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Hrotic, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The academy is widely reported to be going through a period of transformation: not just changes to what is taught, but threats to tenure and internal funding, perhaps balanced by new possibilities for external funding and interdisciplinary projects. This article discusses a recently conducted survey of US and Canadian Philosophy departments, in an…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Departments, Higher Education, Surveys
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Evans, Samuel A. W.; Valdivia, Walter D. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
In the U.S.A., advocates of academic freedom--the ability to pursue research unencumbered by government controls--have long found sparring partners in government officials who regulate technology trade. From concern over classified research in the 1950s, to the expansion of export controls to cover trade in information in the 1970s, to current…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, National Security, Scientific Research, Federal Government
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Taubert, Niels C. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
This article analyzes the transformation of "Minerva" from an intellectual towards a scholarly journal by making use of bibliometric methods. The aim is to provide some empirical insights that help to understand what properties of the journal changed in the course of this transformation process. "Minerva" was one of the first journals that…
Descriptors: Periodicals, Journal Articles, Scholarship, Bibliometrics
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Aronova, Elena – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
The Congress for Cultural Freedom is remembered as a paramount example of the "cultural cold wars." In this paper, I discuss the ways in which this powerful transnational organization sought to promote "science studies" as a distinct--and politically relevant--area of expertise, and part of the CCF broader agenda to offer a renewed framework for…
Descriptors: Politics of Education, Periodicals, International Organizations, Sciences
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Whitley, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
Despite major changes in the governance of universities overtly intended to transform them into authoritatively integrated collectivities, the extent of their organisational actorhood remains quite limited and varied between OECD countries. This is because of inherent limitations to the managerial direction and control of research and teaching…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Governance, Sciences, Science Education
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Munch, Richard; Baier, Christian – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
This paper demonstrates how the application of New Public Management (NPM) and the accompanying rise of academic capitalism in allocating research funds in the German academic field have interacted with a change from federal pluralism to a more stratified system of universities and departments. From this change, a tendency to build cartel-like…
Descriptors: Research, Chemistry, Grants, Higher Education
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Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…
Descriptors: Peer Evaluation, Comparative Analysis, Accountability, Research Projects
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Dietz, James S.; Rogers, Juan D. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
In recent times there has been a surge in interest on policy instruments to stimulate scientific and engineering research that is of greater consequence, advancing our knowledge in leaps rather than steps and is therefore more "creative" or, in the language of recent reports, "transformative." Associated with the language of "transformative…
Descriptors: Popular Culture, Educational Change, Science Education, Science Instruction
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