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Showing 136 to 150 of 169 results Save | Export
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Feller, Irwin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Neoliberal precepts of the governance of academic science-deregulation; reification of markets; emphasis on competitive allocation processes have been conflated with those of performance management--if you cannot measure it, you cannot manage it--into a single analytical and consequent single programmatic worldview. As applied to the United…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Research Universities, Governance, Science Education
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Albert, Mathieu; Laberge, Suzanne; Hodges, Brian D. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Funding agencies in Canada are attempting to break down the organizational boundaries between disciplines to promote interdisciplinary research and foster the integration of the social sciences into the health research field. This paper explores the extent to which biomedical and clinician scientists' perceptions of social science research operate…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Interdisciplinary Approach, Scientific Research, Health
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Johnston, Sean F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The nuclear engineer emerged as a new form of recognised technical professional between 1940 and the early 1960s as nuclear fission, the chain reaction and their applications were explored. The institutionalization of nuclear engineering--channelled into new national laboratories and corporate design offices during the decade after the war, and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Higher Education, Science Education, Engineering
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Coccia, Mario – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nature of bureaucratization within public research bodies and its relationship to scientific performance, focusing on an Italian case-study. The main finding is that the bureaucratization of the research sector has two dimensions: public research labs have academic bureaucratization since researchers…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Researchers, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
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Geuna, Aldo; Muscio, Alessandro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Universities have long been involved in knowledge transfer activities. Yet the last 30 years have seen major changes in the governance of university-industry interactions. Knowledge transfer has become a strategic issue: as a source of funding for university research and (rightly or wrongly) as a policy tool for economic development. Universities…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Higher Education, Industry, Copyrights
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Mirowski, Philip – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as…
Descriptors: Research Tools, Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Higher Education
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Bonaccorsi, Andrea – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
The article addresses the issue of dynamics of science, in particular of new sciences born in twentieth century and developed after the Second World War (information science, materials science, life science). The article develops the notion of search regime as an abstract characterization of dynamic patterns, based on three dimensions: the rate of…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Computer Science, Educational Technology, Sciences
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Godin, Benoit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
J. Schumpeter is a key figure, even a seminal one, on technological innovation. Most economists who study technological innovation refer to Schumpeter and his pioneering role in introducing innovation into economic studies. However, despite having brought forth the concept of innovation in economic theory, Schumpeter provided few if any analyses…
Descriptors: Innovation, Technological Advancement, Economics Education, Classification
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Macleod, Roy – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
In 1925, A.J. Balfour, first Earl Balfour and author of the famous "Balfour Declaration", attended the inauguration of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. His education and experience of foreign policy equipped him to take a prominent role. However, the conditions of strife-torn Palestine weighed heavily upon him, and raised wider…
Descriptors: Economic Development, War, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy
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Ackers, Louise – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
This paper discusses the relationship between internationalisation, mobility, quality and equality in the context of recent developments in research policy in the European Research Area (ERA). Although these developments are specifically concerned with the growth of research capacity at European level, the issues raised have much broader relevance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Researchers, Occupational Mobility, Research Administration
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Smith-Doerr, Laurel – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Many graduate programmes in science now require courses in ethics. However, little is known about their reception or use. Using websites and interviews, this essay examines ethics requirements in the field of biosciences in three countries (the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Italy) between 2000 and 2005. Evidence suggests that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Ethics, Ethical Instruction
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Pouris, Anastassios – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
The accurate measurement of the time spent by academics on research and development activities is of great importance to universities and government. This essay outlines the ways in which different countries estimate these factors, and suggests ways of producing more reliable estimates.
Descriptors: Research and Development, Measurement Techniques, Costs, Research Administration
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Arnoldi, Jakob – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
This article argues that new sites of knowledge production, increasingly cultivated by the mass media, are threatening the role of academics and universities as traditional sources of expertise. Drawing upon the conceptual categories of Pierre Bourdieu, the article suggests an alternative way of understanding this "crisis of legitimacy."
Descriptors: Mass Media, Mass Media Role, Mass Media Effects, Educational Environment
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Sousa, Celio A. A.; Hendriks, Paul H. J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
For academic administrators, the management of research remains a matter more of hope than expectation. It has proved particularly difficult to measure quality. Managers typically view research as an "asset". This essay argues that it is more useful to view research and its management as "process", and explores the implications of doing so for…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Research Administration, College Administration, Higher Education
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Heffernan, Michael; Jons, Heike – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
The universities of Oxford and Cambridge had developed different attitudes towards the award of honorary degrees through the early and middle decades of the twentieth century. Recently, both have adopted a similar cautious and apolitical stance. This essay describes the role of honorary degrees in the production and reproduction of their cultural…
Descriptors: Academic Degrees, Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Educational History
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